Early Modern - Nineteenth Century Anger
Between the medieval and modern periods there is a time of heightened focus on the anger of God in Western Christianity. Consider the infamous eighteenth-century sermon of Jonathan Edward’s “Sinner’s in the Hands of an Angry God” and the rise of fire and brimstone preachers. The affect of anger became a heralded warning of God’s judgement and the desperate need to repent. Anger was a rhetorical tool used to evangelize, and anger was an emotion God had toward sinners, but how did this rhetoric effect the perception of human emotions and feelings of anger? Sins and anger appear in the items from this period to have a more hierarchical cause and effect relationship: sin causes God’s anger.