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  • 3b591g32w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Bent, who stands bare-chested with hands raised as in prayer, stands chained to the stake while flames and smoke surround him. Bent is surrounded by a group of soldiers; one soldier, in the bottom left-hand corner of the image, stokes the fire beneath Bent's feet. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/39, which appears in the second, third, and fourth early English editions (1570, 1576, 1583) to illustrate various martyrdoms, but in the third edition (1576) it is only used to represent the martyrdom of John Bent. JPEG file (464 KB).
  • Rj430b207?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: As Margery Polley burns, she gazes upward and crosses her arms at her chest. She is fully clothed. The martyrdom occurs at Tonbridge. This woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/73. JPEG file (4.06 MB).
  • 4x51hq63v?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Five out of these six burning martyrs fold their hands in prayer or raise them outward. This woodcut appears five times in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of W. Coker, W. Hopper, Henr. Laurence, Rich. Colliar, R. Wright, and W. Stere (at Canterbury) (sig. LLLL1v, p. 1868); Christopher Lister, John Mace, Joh. Spencer, Simon Joyne, Rich. Nicols, and Joh. Hammond (at Colchester) (sig. GGGGg4v [left], p. 2090); W. Waterer, Steph. Kemp, W. Haye, T. Hudson, W. Lowick, and W. Prowting (at Canterbury) (sig. MMMMm6v, p. 2154); Henry Ponde, Raynold Eastland, Robert Southam, Matthew Ricarby, John Floyd, John Holiday, and Roger Holland (in Smithfield) (sig. TTTTt6r, p. 2237); and Rob. Milles, Ste. Cotton, Rob. Dynes, Ste. Wight, John Slade, and Will. Pikes (at Brainford) (sig. UUUUu2r, p. 2241). The image first appears in Henry Bull's edition of Certain most godly, fruitful, and comfortable letters of such true saints and holy martyrs as in the late bloody persecution gave their lives (London: John Day, 1564). Luborsky and Ingram 5886/1, 11223/75. JPEG file (3.86 MB).
  • N296x5139?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: As Collins burns at the stake in Smithfield, a guard holds Collins's dog by the tail and prepares to cast it in the fire. According to Foxe, Collins suffers martyrdom for having held his dog aloft, in mockery of the consecrated host, while he attended Mass. This crime also implicates the dog, who must accordingly suffer Collins's fate. A crowd of soldiers watches in the background, and the burning martyr gazes at the guard. This woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/51. JPEG file (3.54 MB).
  • R781wp13w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An unclothed man burns at the stake. He raises his arms and positions his palms outward. This woodcut appears twice in the first edition (1563), near Foxe's discussion of the burning of William Sautrey (sig. O5v, p. 142) and "the story of Thomas Rhedon a french man, and a Carmelite friar burnt in Italy" (sig. Kk6v, p. 360). It does not appear in the third (1576) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11222/5, 11223/5. JPEG file (547 KB).
  • Rj430b029?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An unclothed man burns at the stake. He raises his arms and positions his palms outward. This woodcut appears once in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of William Sawtre (sig. Hh3v, p. 618). It does not appear in the third (1576) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11222/5, 11223/5. JPEG file (547 KB).
  • Xs55mj51m?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: As Burton sits backward on an ass, soldiers lead him through a town and a friar gestures at him. Burton wears garments that are decorated with devils. He burns at the stake in an upper insert, where soldiers supervise the execution and a crowd observes. Burton receives martyrdom at the hands of Spaniards. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/53, 11223/104. JPEG file (1.03 MB).
  • Mw22vc616?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Some of these burning martyrs extend their hands before them, and others fold or cross their hands in front of them. The martyrs are clothed. This woodcut appears three times in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of [George] Catmer, [Robert] Streater, [Anthony] Burward, [George] Brodbridge, and [James] Tuttie (at Canterbury) (sig. NNNN4r, p. 1708); Thomas Loseby, Henry Ramsey, Thomas Thitell, Margaret Hyde, and Agnes Stankey (at Smithfield) (sig. NNNNn6r, p. 1976); and John Corneford, Christopher Browne, John Herst, Alice Snoth, and Katherine Knight (otherwise called Katherine Tynley) (sig. UUUUu2v [right], p. 2053). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/78. JPEG file (3.76 MB).
  • 1n79hb29x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Some of these burning martyrs extend their hands before them, and others fold or cross their hands in front of them. The martyrs are clothed. This woodcut appears twice in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of George Catmer, Robert Streater, Anthony Burward, George Brodbridge, and James Tuttye (at Canterbury) (sig. MMMM3v, p. 1884) and Tho. Loseby, Henry Ramsey, Thomas Thyrtell, Margarete Hyde, and Agnes Stanley (at Smithfield) (sig. NNNNn4r, p. 2161). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/78. JPEG file (3.76 MB).
  • K643b7043?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two clothed women fold their hands in prayer as they burn. This woodcut appears twice in the third edition (1576) to illustrate the burning of Agnes Potten and Joane Trunchfield (at Ipswich) (sig. AAAAa2r, p. 1787) and Margaret Thurston and Agnes Bongeor (at Colchester) (sig. LLLLl5r [left], p. 1913). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/89. JPEG file (3.66 MB).
  • 2514ns61t?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two clothed and bearded men burn at the stake. The martyr on the left rests his left arm on the shoulder of the right martyr, and both martyrs raise an arm upward. The martyrs gaze at each other as they burn. This woodcut appears twice in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of Robert Glover and Cornelius Bongey (at Coventry) (sig. NNNN1r, p. 1891) and William Seaman, Thomas Carman, and Thomas Hudson (at Norwich) (sig. TTTTt4r, p. 2233). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/79. JPEG file (3.93 MB).
  • 1g05fj805?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two clothed and bearded men burn at the stake. The martyr on the left rests his left arm on the shoulder of the right martyr, and both martyrs raise an arm upward. The martyrs gaze at each other as they burn. This woodcut appears twice in the third edition (1576) to illustrate the burning of Robert Glover and Cornelius Bongey (at Coventry) (sig. IIII2v, p. 1620) and William Seaman, Thomas Carman, and Thomas Hudson (at Norwich) (sig. MMMMm6v, p. 1928). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/79. JPEG file (3.93 MB).
  • Pc289q90t?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two clothed women fold their hands in prayer as they burn. This woodcut appears twice in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield (at Ipswich) (sig. FFFFf1v, p. 2072) and Margaret Thurston and Agnes Bongeor (at Colchester) (sig. SSSSs1v, p. 2216). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/89. JPEG file (3.66 MB).
  • 6d570350b?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A chained man burns at the stake. He faces toward the left of the image and clasps his hands in prayer. This woodcut appears fourteen times in the third edition (1576) to illustrate the burning of Richard Houeden (sig. KK4r, p. 643); Babram (at Northfolk) (sig. PP5v, p. 706); Christopher Shomaker (at Newberry) (sig. BBb5r, p. 793); Gyles (sig. HHh3v, p. 862); N. Peke (at Ipswich) (sig. FFF5v, p. 1106); Kerby (at Ipswich) (sig. OOO6r, p. 1203); Adam Wallace (sig. RRR5r, p. 1237); Thomas Tomkyns (at Smithfield) (sig. SSSs1r, p. 1461); Nicholas Halle (at Rochester) (sig. FFFF6r, p. 1591); James Abbes (at Bury) (sig. GGGG2r [right], p. 1595); John Noyes (at Laxfield) (sig. LLLLl5v, p. 1914); William Nicole (at Herefordwest, Wales) (sig. MMMMm6r [right], p. 1927); Thomas Benbridge, Gentleman (sig. NNNNn6v, p. 1940); and Thomas Benion (at Bristow) (sig. OOOOo3v [left], p. 1946). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/18. JPEG file (3.57 MB).
  • Cf95jj67b?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Three female martyrs on the left side of the image hold their hands before them in prayer. One of the three men, at right center, holds his arms away from his body. A second man, at the far right, prays with folded hands outstretched. All six martyrs are clothed. This woodcut appears twice in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of John Fishcocke, Nicolas White, Nicolas Pardue, Barbara Final widow, Bradbrege's widow, Wilson's wife, and Benden's wife (at Canterbury) (sig. OOOOo2v, p. 1981) and William Bongor, Will. Purcas, Tho. Benold, Agnes Siluerside alias Smith, Helene Ewring, and Elizabeth Folkes (at Colchester) (sig. QQQQq4v, p. 2008). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/96. JPEG file (3.91 MB).
  • 0p096d68s?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Even though this image contains six martyrs, Foxe uses it to illustrate the 1557 burning of ten martyrs at Lewes. The six martyrs, both women and men, burn at three stakes. Four of them fold their hands in prayer. A fifth, at the rear, raises his arms above his head, and a sixth, at the far left, points upward with his right arm and extends his left. Even though the design of this woodcut is similar to other woodcuts that undergo repetition in the Book of Martyrs, this woodcut appears only once in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/97. JPEG file (4.01 MB).
  • M613n462n?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A clothed woman and three clothed men burn at two stakes. The woman folds her hands before her in prayer. One of the men, at the right, faces forward and displays his palm. A second man stands in profile on the left and raises both arms above his head, while a third man, at the rear, raises his left arm. This woodcut appears twice in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of Rafe Allerton, James Austoo, Margery Austoo, and Richard Roth (at Islington) (sig. SSSSs1r, p. 2215) and John Corneford, Christopher Browne, John Herst, Alyce Snoth, Katherine Knight, and Katherine Tynley (at Canterbury) (sig. XXXXx2r [right], p. 2253). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/100. JPEG file (3.78 MB).
  • 8049gb789?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Flames engulf Haukes ("O Lord, Receiue my spirite." ["O Lord, receive my spirit"]), who burns outside Coxehall in Essex. Haukes raises his arms above his head and gazes upward as he slumps against his chain. A man on horseback supervises the execution, and a crowd of soldiers and alarmed civilians observes. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/31, 11223/69. JPEG file (1.05 MB).
  • 4j03d512j?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Cardmaker ("I. Cardmaker." ["J. Cardmaker"]) stands barefoot before piles of faggots and addresses two richly dressed men on horseback. Chained to a stake among faggots, Warne ("Bevvare of idolatry" ["Beware of idolatry"]) addresses civilians and soldiers, who gesture in return. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/30, 11223/68. JPEG file (980 KB).
  • Cn69mb117?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Five martyrs burn at Smithfield: Tho. Loseby, Henry Ramsey, Thomas Thyrtell, Margarete Hyde, and Agnes Stanley. They are chained to two separate stakes; all are fully clothed and have their hands clasped in prayer. They are engulfed by large flames and thick black clouds of smoke hover above them. A group of soldiers surrounds them; the soldier to the left of the image has his right hand extended and appears to be pointing to one of the martyrs. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/78, which only appeared in the second early English edition (1570). It is also the same design used to illustrate "The martyrdom of George Catmer, Robert Streater, Anthony Burward, George Brodbridge, and James Tutty." JPEG file (479 KB),
  • W6634940v?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "The Martyrdome of Thomas Benbridge, Anno 1558 July 19." Thomas Benbridge, fully clothed with arms lifted upward, and chained, burning at the stake. He is bearded and has both hands lifted upward. He gazes down at the crowd of soldiers that surrounds him. One soldier at the bottom right of the image tends the fire. Another soldier who stands at the left of the image appears to be administering the martyrdom. The caption of the image indicates that this martyrdom took place on July 19th of 1558. In earlier editions, this martyrdom is represented by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/16 and appears only in the fourth (1583) early English edition. However, it is a completely new design here. JPEG file (509 KB).
  • W6634934q?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "The patient Martyrdome of a poore woman at Exeter, being one Prests wife." A woman, identified as Prest’s wife (“God be Mercifull [Merciful] to me a Sinner”) stands fully clothed and chained to the stake. She has her arms raised as if she is gesturing while speaking to the crowd that surrounds her. A crowd of soldiers observes. Heavily revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/103, which appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (534 KB).
  • Dr26z4360?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "The burning of Richard Yeoman Minister at Norwich 1558 July 10." Richard Yeoman, arms extended toward the crowd that surrounds him, stands fully clothed, bearded and chained burning at the stake. A crowd of soldiers observes. In earlier versions this martyrdom is represented by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/19 and 12000/1, which appear multiple times in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. It appears here as a completely new design. JPEG file (525 KB).
  • X059cf06x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Christopher Shoomaker, an elderly bearded man, stands chained to the stake, fully clothed and with hands clasped and his face turned upward. His lips appear to be open and he may be speaking, perhaps to the soldier in front of him who is gesturing with his hand. He is surrounded by a crowd of civilians and soldiers. In earlier editions this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/18 and appears only in the second (1570) and third early English editions (1576) to depict the burning of Christopher Shoomaker. This engraving, however, is an entirely new design based on Luborsky and Ingram 11223/19 and 11223/39 but is different from the design of "The burning of Babram." JPEG file (446 KB).
  • Pv63g610b?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Thomas Man, bald and with a long beard, stands fully clothed chained to the stake. His head is bowed and his hands are clasped in prayer. He is the only figure in the image and is surrounded by flames and clouds of smoke. In earlier editions, the burning of Thomas Man only appears in the third early English edition (1576) and is represented by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/14, which is the same woodcut used to represent various other martyrdoms and includes other people in the scene. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/19. JPEG file (289 KB).
  • Gq67jz11k?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The order and manner of the burning of the constant Martyr of Christ, John Lambert.” John Lambert, naked and chained to a stake, stands with both arms outstretched upward and says "None but Christ, none but Christ." Men from either side of Lambert poke the fire while a richly dressed man sits and watches on horseback and a crowd of clergy and soldiers stand nearby. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/19 and 11223/50, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (460 KB).
  • 1j92gf23r?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Robert Barnes, Thomas Garret, and William Jerome in Smithfield, a district of London which was the scene of over 200 martyrdoms during the reign of Mary I, are chained together to the stake; high flames and large dark clouds of smoke surround them. A few soldiers surround the men and two of them stoke the fire. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/20 and 11223/52, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). However, in the earlier editions, a large and alarmed crowd is present whereas in the 1684 edition, only a few soldiers stand by. JPEG file (443 KB).
  • Qn59q9696?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A large, dark cloud of smoke hovers over Kerby, who is chained to the stake and surrounded by a large fire. Kerby has both arms extended upward with the palms of his hands facing up. A large crowd of soldiers on foot and on horseback surround him. In earlier editions, the martyrdom of Kerby was represented by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/18, which appears in the second (1570), third (1576) and fourth (1583) early English editions. This is a completely new design to depict Kerby's martyrdom. JPEG file (443 KB).
  • Zc77sw984?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Thomas Wats, fully clothed and with his hands clasped in prayer, stands chained at the waist to a stake. He is engulfed by flames and a black cloud hovers above him. A woman and several children, tears streaming down their faces, plead for his life. Wats is surrounded by a large crowd of soldiers; a civilian man is arguing with a soldier. In earlier editions, this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/14, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. This illustration is a completely new design with some elements similar to Luborsky and Ingram 11223/64. JPEG file (439 KB).
  • 8s45qg90n?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Bradford ["Repent England]" and an apprentice, John Lease ("Jesus receive us)," stand chained to a stake in the midst of a large fire while a black cloud of smoke hovers above them. A crowd of soldiers, a few of whom tend the fire, surround them. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/34 and 11223/72, which appear in all four of the early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (431 KB).
  • M613n474f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Four martyrs-- John Bland, John Frankesh, Nicholas Sheterden, and Humfrey Middleton--are chained to two stakes. All four are fully clothed. A group of soldiers surrounds the burning martyrs and several soldiers tend the fire in the foreground of the image. In earlier editions this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/37, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. This version is illustrated by a completely new design. JPEG file (369 KB).
  • 8g84mt515?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: The martyrdom of three women and an infant at the Isle of Garnsey. The caption of the image indicates that this martyrdom took place on July 18th, 1556. All three women are naked and chained to the stake while an infant emerges from the womb of the woman in the middle. All three women have their arms outstretched and are engulfed by the flames beneath them. They are surrounded by a group of soldiers, several of whom tend to the fire. According the text that surrounds the image, the infant initially was thrown out of the fire only to be cast back in once it hit the ground. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/46 and 11223/93, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (503 KB).
  • H702qc54g?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Apprice, who is blind, and the lame Hugh Laverocke are martyred at Stratford the Bowe, near London. Both Apprice and Laverocke are chained to the stake and are surrounded by faggots and flames. Laverocke holds two crutches in his hands while Apprice has his eyes closed and his hands outstretched toward the crowd surrounding them. Both men are fully clothed and are surrounded by a fairly large group of ambivalent soldiers. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/90 and appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (541 KB).
  • 47429g50z?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Three women-- Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thackvel, and Joan Horns, are burned at the stake. All three women are fully clothed and have their hands clasped in prayer. The execution takes place at Smithfield and the women are surrounded by a group of soldiers, several of whom are on horseback. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/91, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (535 KB).
  • 8p58pk70x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Four men and three women--John Fishcocke, Nicolas Whyte, Nicolas Pardue, Barbara Fynal widow, Wilson’s wife, and Alice Benden--are chained to three stakes and are engulfed by large flames. All seven martyrs are fully clothed. The three men are all chained to the stake at the far left of the image. The four women are chained to two separate stakes and one of them has her arms extended above her head. A crowd of soldiers, gathers below the burning martyrs, some of whom are on horseback, two soldiers tend the fire and faggots. The martyrdom takes place at Canterbury. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/96, which appears twice in the second (1570) early English edition. JPEG file (1.21 MB).
  • 6q182s16v?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The manner of burning Anne Askew, Iohn [John] Lacels, Iohn [John] Adams, & Nicolas Beleman, with certane [certain] of y [the] counsel [council] sitting in Smithfield.” This aerial view of Smithfield shows the martyrs tied to the stake. All four have their hands clasped in prayer while soldiers are carrying bundles of wood and placing them around the feet of the four martyrs. A large crowd encircles the arena surrounding the martyrs and soldiers on foot and horseback stand outside of the large circle. Several buildings are in the background with onlookers peering through the windows. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/21 and 11223/54, which appear in all four of the early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (421 KB).
  • Gm80j250x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Laurence Saunders, fully clothed with hands clasped as in prayer, is tied to the stake at Coventry. Saunders is facing the left of the image. The executioner nails the chain to the stake while Saunders proclaims: “Welcome life." He is surrounded by a rowdy crowd of soldiers and civilians, a few of whom appear to be arguing with each other at the right hand side of the image. A richly dressed man in a fur-lined coat sits atop a horse and appears to be supervising the burning. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/24 and 11223/60, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583); in the woodcut illustrations, Saunders is facing the right of the image and, in the OSU Libraries’ copy, the banderole from his mouth says: “"o lord resi[e]ve my soule [O lord receive my soul]." JPEG file (35.1 KB)
  • Rj430b07p?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two bearded men burn at the stake. Both men wear loincloth, gaze upward, and pray. This woodcut appears four times in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of Henry Voes and John Esch, friars Augustine (sig. GGg6r, p. 1005); John Bland and Joh. Frankesh, ministers, with Nicholas Sheterden and Umfrey Middleton (at Canterbury) (sig. KKKK1v, p. 1856); William Wolsey and Robert Pygot (at Ely) (sig. NNNN2v, p. 1894); and Richard Sharpe and Tho. Hale (at Bristow) (sig. XXXXx1v [right], p. 2252). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/37. JPEG file (4.22 MB).
  • 6395wd52r?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An elderly woman, whom Foxe identifies as "Prest's wife," burns at the stake. She gazes upward and extends her hands outward in prayer. The martyrdom occurs near Exeter. This woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/103. JPEG file (3.96 MB).
  • Th83m511r?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Five out of these six burning martyrs fold their hands in prayer or raise them outward. This woodcut appears five times in the third edition (1576) to illustrate the burning of William Coker, William Hopper, Henry Laurence, Rich. Colliar, Rich. Wright and Wil. Stere (at Canterbury) (sig. GGGG4r, p. 1599); Christopher Lister, John Mace, John Spenser, Simon Joyne, Richard Nichols, and John Hammond (at Colchester) (sig. BBBBb4r, p. 1803); W. Waterer, Stephen Kempe, W. Haye, Thomas Hudson, W. Lowicke, and W. Prowtyng (at Canterbury) (sig. GGGGg3r, p. 1861); Henry Ponde, Rainold Eastlande, Robert Southam, Matthew Ricarby, John Floyd, John Holyday, and Roger Holland (at Smithfield) (sig. NNNNn2v, p. 1932); and Robert Milles, Stephen Cotton, Robert Dynes, Stephen Wight, John Slade, and William Pikes (at Brainford) (sig. NNNNn4v [top], p. 1936). The image first appears in Henry Bull's edition of Certain most godly, fruitful, and comfortable letters of such true saints and holy martyrs as in the late bloody persecution gave their lives (London: John Day, 1564). Luborsky and Ingram 5886/1, 11223/75. JPEG file (3.86 MB).
  • K930c365v?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Five out of these six burning martyrs fold their hands in prayer or raise them outward. This woodcut appears five times in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of W. Coker. W. Hoopper, Henry Laurence, Rich. Colliar, R. Wright, and W. Stere (at Canterbury) (sig. LLLL6r, p. 1688); Christopher Lister, John Mace, John Spencer, Symon Joyne, Richard Nicols, and John Hamond (at Colchester) (sig. HHHHh2v, p. 1909); [W.] Waterer, [Stephen] Kempe, W. Hay, [Thomas] Hudson, [W.] Lowicke, and W. Prowting (at Canterbury) (sig. NNNNn3r, p. 1970); Henry Ponde, Raynold Eastland, Robert Southam, Mathew Ricarby, John Floyd, John Holyday, and Roger Holland (at Smithfield) (sig. TTTTt1v, p. 2039); and Robert Milles, Stephen Cotton, Robert Dynes, Stephen Wight, John Slade, and William Pikes (at Brainford) (sig. TTTTt3r, p. 2042). The image first appears in Henry Bull's edition of Certain most godly, fruitful, and comfortable letters of such true saints and holy martyrs as in the late bloody persecution gave their lives (London: John Day, 1564). Luborsky and Ingram 5886/1, 11223/75. JPEG file (3.86 MB).
  • R494vs113?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A clothed woman and three clothed men burn at two stakes. The woman folds her hands before her in prayer. One of the men, at the right, faces forward and displays his palm. A second man stands in profile on the left and raises both arms above his head, while a third man, at the rear, raises his left arm. This woodcut appears twice in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of Rafe Allerton, James Austoo, Margery Austoo, and Richard Roth (at Islington) (sig. RRRRr3v, p. 2019) and John Cooke, Rob. Myles alias Plummer, Alexander Lane, and James Ashley (at St. Edmundsbury) (sig. TTTTt5v [right], p. 2047). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/100. JPEG file (3.78 MB).
  • N296x5296?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two clothed women fold their hands in prayer as they burn. This woodcut appears twice in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of Agnes Pote[n] and Jone Trunchfeld (at Ipswich) (sig. FFFFf6v, p. 1893) and Margaret Thurston and Agnes Bongeor (at Colchester) (sig. RRRRr4r, p. 2020). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/89. JPEG file (3.66 MB).
  • Ns064c59q?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: In anticipation of his execution, Philpot (identified xylographically as "Filpot") ("I will pay my vowes in thee, O Smithfield" ["I will pay my vows in thee, O Smithfield"]) kneels before a stake and faggots. A crowd of soldiers, priests, and civilians observes, some of whom clasp their hands in prayer. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/41, 11223/84. JPEG file (1.02 MB).
  • Cz30q050f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An unclothed man and woman burn back to back at a stake. This woodcut appears in the first (1563) and second (1570) editions to illustrate the burning of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper at Norwich. It appears in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver at Ipswich. It does not appear in the third edition (1576). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/49, 11223/98. JPEG file (593 KB).
  • 3r0751867?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Chained and consumed by flames, Rogers ("Lord receiue my spirite." ["Lord receive my spirit."]) points directly at a richly dressed man, who supervises the execution from horseback. Another man lights the fire, and a watching priest applauds. Protesters surround the execution scene and join a large crowd of spectators. Rogers was the first English Protestant to be burned for heresy during the reign of Queen Mary I (1553-58). During the 1530s, he adopted the pseudonym of "Thomas Matthew" in his editions of the English Bible in order to disguise his identity. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/23, 11223/59. JPEG file (1.07 MB).
  • 70795f34k?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: In anticipation of martyrdom, Saunders stands among faggots and raises his arms upward. An executioner nails Saunders's chain to the stake, and a richly dressed man supervises the execution from horseback. Protesting civilians and others join a group of soldiers in observing the execution. A soldier pushes one protester back, while another prepares the pyre. The OSU copy of the 1563 version of the illustration (pictured here) contains the manuscript inscription, "o lord resi[e]ve my soule" ["O lord receive my soul]," written in the blank banderole extending from Saunders' mouth. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/24, 11223/60. JPEG file (956 KB).
  • Mg74qt00f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An elderly man stands at a stake among faggots and gestures at a surrounding crowd of civilians and soldiers. This woodcut appears nine times in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of William Tailour, Priest (sig. LL6r [left], p. 659); Thomas Man (sig. BBb5r, p. 817); Richard Feurus (sig. KKk5v, p. 914); Richard Bayfield (sig. TTt6v, p. 1024); Thomas Wattes (sig. DDDD2r, p. 1596); Thomas Jueson (sig. LLLL3v, p. 1683); Robert Samuel (sig. NNNN2r, p. 1704); John Kurde (at Northampton) (sig. RRRRr4v, p. 2021); and Richard Yeoman (sig. TTTTt4v, p. 2045). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/14. JPEG file (3.72 MB).
  • 4b29bc806?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A bearded man stands among faggots and gestures with upraised arms. Some among the crowd kneel before the man, and soldiers observe from behind. This woodcut appears three times in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of William White (sig. Yy3r, p. 785); John Goose (EE5r, p. 849); and William Haile (LLLL6r, p. 1877). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/16. JPEG file (3.83 MB).
  • Tt44pt70j?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A chained man burns at the stake. He faces toward the left of the image and clasps his hands in prayer. This woodcut appears fifteen times in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of Richard Houeden (sig. Yy5r, p. 789); Babram (at Northfolk) (sig. GG1v [right], p. 866); Christopher Shomaker (sig. BBb6r, p. 945); Gyles (sig. IIi2r, p. 1021); Thomas Hytten (sig. SSs4v, p. 1134); James Baynham (sig. XXx5v [left], p. 1172); N. Peke (at Ipswich) (sig. III5v, p. 1292); Adam Wallace (sig. YYY6v, p. 1450); Thomas Tomkins (sig. UUUu1v, p. 1712); Nicholas Halle (sig. KKKK3r, p. 1859); James Abbes (sig. KKKK5v, p. 1864); John Noyes (sig. SSSSs2v, p. 2218); William Nicole (at Herefordwest, Wales) (sig. TTTTt3v, p. 2232); Thomas Benbrige, Gentleman (sig. UUUUu4v, p. 2246); and Thomas Benion (at Bristow) (sig. XXXXx2r [left], p. 2253). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/18. JPEG file (3.57 MB).