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Filtering by: Subject Henry VIII, King of England, 1491-1547 Remove constraint Subject: Henry VIII, King of England, 1491-1547
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  • Hd76s5678?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: In this iconoclastic woodcut allegory of the English Reformation, King Henry VIII sits enthroned on a raised dais over Pope Clement VII ("P. Clem" [Pope Clement]), whose tiara lies discarded before him. John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester ("B. Fisher" [Bishop Fisher]) bends over the pope, while Cardinal Reginald Pole ("Pole D" [Doctor Pole]) looks up at Henry from the king's left. Thomas Cromwell ("Cromwe" [Cromwell]), Henry's vicegerent for religious affairs, and Thomas Cranmer ("Cranmer"), Archbishop of Canterbury, receive the English Bible from Henry, who holds a sword that symbolizes his temporal authority over the church. The presence of the sword and the book in this image echoes similar designs that appear on title pages of vernacular English Bibles, which were published with crown approval in the 1530s. Alarmed, the Catholic clergy mourn Clement's fall, while other courtiers observe from both sides of the throne. The Royal Arms above Henry's head accentuates the king's newfound primacy over the Church of Rome. This woodcut appears in the second (1570) and third (1576) editions at Foxe's discussion of the Act of Supremacy (1534), which legalized Henry's authority as Supreme Head of the Church of England. The image appears in the fourth edition (1583) at the opening of Foxe's discussion of Henry's entire reign, replacing "King Henry VIII sits in his council chamber with advisers" in that location. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/48. JPEG file (3.98 MB).
  • 3n204473n?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: In these Arms of Pope Julius II, the papal tiara rests behind two crossed papal keys of office. A shield sits before these keys and contains an oak tree bearing acorns. The shield also displays tassels. This woodcut appears in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate Foxe's printing of Pope Clement VII's bull of sentence against Henry VIII, who had tried to obtain from the papacy a divorce from his wife, Catharine of Aragon. Pope Julius II reigned from 1503-13. At the time of Henry's marriage to Catharine, English and Spanish authorities sought a dispensation from Julius that would allow the match, since Catharine had previously been married to Henry's older brother, Arthur. In the 1583 edition, these Arms replace "Coat of Arms of Pope Clement VII," which appears in this location in 1570. Neither woodcut appears in the first (1563) or third (1576) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11225/1. JPEG file (843 KB).
  • 5x21tm98m?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: King Henry VIII sits enthroned, under a cloth of state, in a richly decorated council chamber and gestures to his right. Twenty-five councilors sit on draped benches, which form two semicircles around the king, and talk among themselves. Ornamental mermaids and a child's face adorn the lower portion of the illustration. The initials "IF" ("J[akob] F[aber]") appear in the lower right corner of the image and provide a clue to its designer. This image opens Foxe's analysis of the reign of King Henry in the second (1570) and third (1576) editions. In the fourth edition (1583), it is replaced by "King Henry VIII sits enthroned over Pope Clement VII" in this collection. This illustration first appears in Edward Hall's The union of the two noble and illustrious families of Lancaster & York (London: Richard Grafton, 1548). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/35, 11224/3, 12721/1, 17300/1. JPEG file (3.44 MB).
  • S4655p42w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: After a series of protracted negotiations, Pope Clement VII denied King Henry VIII a legal divorce from his wife, Catharine of Aragon. These Arms appear at Foxe's printing of Pope Clement's bull of sentence against Henry. The papal tiara rests atop two crossed papal keys of office. A rope loosely links these keys and descends under and behind a shield, which presents five blank orbs and a sixth orb that contains three stars. This woodcut appears only in the second edition (1570). "Coat of Arms of Pope Julius II" replaces the image in the fourth edition (1583). Neither woodcut appears in the first (1563) or third (1576) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/56. JPEG file (3.43 MB).
  • Cr56n607p?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: This engraving depicts the coat of arms of Pope Clement VII, who reigned from 1523 to 1534; he denied King Henry VIII a legal divorce from his wife, Catharine of Aragon. The papal tiara rests behind two crossed papal keys of office. Sitting in front of the keys is a shield displaying an oak tree bearing acorns; tassels are on both sides of the shield. This engraving is a revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11225/1 and first appears in the fourth early English edition (1583) as the coat of arms of Pope Julius II, who reigned from 1503-1513. JPEG file (1.65 MB).
  • Cc08hn59f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: King Henry VIII sits enthroned on a raised dais over Pope Clement VII ("P. Cleme [Pope Clement]"), whose tiara lies discarded before him. John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester ("B. Fisher [Bishop Fisher]") bends over the Pope, while Cardinal Reginald Pole ("OLE") looks up at Henry from the king's left. Thomas Cromwell ("Cromwell"), Henry's vicegerent for religious affairs, and Thomas Cranmer ("Cranmer"), Archbishop of Canterbury, receive the English Bible from Henry, who also holds a sword. Other courtiers observe, some with seeming dismay on their countenances. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/48, which appears only in the fourth (1583) early English edtion. JPEG file (414 KB).