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  • Manuscript: Passio Domini

    User Collection
    Creator: McNamee, Maurice (Father), art consultant
    Contributing Institution: Concordia Seminary Library
    Description: Netherlands (southern?), ca. 1500-1520. Miniatures (24) of the Passion of Christ throught the Last Judgment with prayers on facing pages. Very similar to the style of the Masters of the Suffrages et al. (mid-15th to early 16th centuries). Cf. The Golden Age of Painting (Braziller, 1990), especially plates XII, 107-108, pp. 261-262 and text, pp. 298-299 (H.H.). Artistic features: borders and pictures painted by different artists; soldiers in Spanish armor suggest negative portrayal of Roman soldiers (Netherlands recently free of Spanish rule); footprints of Jesus on mount of Ascension demonstrates corporeal, not spiritual, body; note gardener''s hat in presence of Mary Magdalen after the Resurrection; structure in background of the Last Judgment may be a courthouse (M.M.). Physical description: manuscript on fine vellum; 4 1/2 in. x 3 1/2 in.; 31 leaves, including end pages (5 blank); text in gold and red ink; end pages and inside covers gold-leafed.
    Subject: Passion of Jesus Christ, Jesus Christ, Books of hours, Prayer-books and devotions--Dutch, and Manuscripts
    Language: Dutch
    Publisher: Concordia Seminary Library
  • Creator: Thomas, a Kempis, 1380-1471
    Contributing Institution: Concordia Seminary Library
    Description: Agnietenberg Monastery (Mt. St. Agnes, Netherlands), late 15th century. Manuscript closely follows the text of the autograph of 1441. Colophon uses the term “compilator” rather than “auctor” of Thomas (Haemmerlein) a Kempis, suggesting that he compiled the work “after his teachers at Deventer (notably so Gerard Zerbolt van Zutphen) had written the original versions of the four parts” (from notes by seller - Avalon Operating Corporation). A 15th-century library stamp on the first page of the text, with the letters SMAI surrounding a cross, suggests that the ms. was in the Agnietenberg Monastery, where Thomas lived, and thus might also mean that it is a direct copy of the original. Physical description: 108 leaves, fine heavy rag paper; 8 in. x 6 in.; flexible later vellum cover glued over paper ms. leaf; very neatly and legibly written in red and black ink; some trimming very close to marginal notes.
    Subject: Jesus Christ--Example and Jesus Christ--Meditations
    Language: Latin
    Publisher: Concordia Seminary Library
  • Creator: Erster Meister des Mendelschen Brüderbuches
    Contributing Institution: Concordia Seminary Library
    Description: Nürnberg, 1429. Genre: “iatromathematische Hausbücher” (medical-mathematical house-book), which links and systematizes medical and astrological knowledge to create a kind of everyday handbook for medical treatments, especially bloodletting, to be administered by laymen at home. It is based on the medieval idea of the influence of the planets on the health and character of human beings. The mixing of astrology and saints’ days in the calendar is evidence that medieval man saw the heavens as another revelation of God; thus astrology and faith are not at odds. This specimen - a “rich man’s” version, probably commissioned by a wealthy patron - is one of only a handful remaining in the world (1 of 2 by the same artist) and the only known specimen in the U. S. Physical description: parchment (vellum), 41 leaves (one single leaf (fol. 1) and 5 layers of 8 (4x2) leaves; 8 ½ in. 12 ½ in.; bound in modern (1930s?) dark blue buckram boards. Script: Franconian Bastarda, executed in a professional hand. Illuminations: 52 miniatures (some unfinished) by the “Erster Meister des Mendelschen Brüderbuches,” active in Nürnberg, 1425-1437. (Cf. Heinz Zirnbauer: “Geschichte des Mendelschen Brüderbuches und kunstgeschichtliches Würdigung seiner Bilding,” in Das Hausbuch der Mendelschen Zwoelfbrüderstiftung zu Nürnberg, Deutsche Handwerkerbilder des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts (2 vols., Faksimile & Kommentar, ed. Wilhelm Treue, Karlheinz Goldmann, et al.), München, 1965; Kommentar, pp. 93-97. Painting technique: minor traces of preliminary drawing in black chalk, frequent pentimenti, followed by layers of watercolor, often highlighted in white. Faces and naked bodies show occasional traces of red chalk. Contours, lines, and details - in some cases shadow zones - are carefully sharpened by strokes of black ink. Condition: rather good; but many traces and marks of frequent use; some evidence of modern restoration.
    Subject: Illumination of books and manuscripts, German, Medical astrology, and Astrology in art
    Language: German (Neuhochdeutsch)
    Publisher: Concordia Seminary Library
  • Creator: Johannes Dolcart (or Dohart) and two other scribes
    Contributing Institution: Concordia Seminary Library
    Description: Würzburg(?), 1466-ca. 1500. Genre: text based on the “ioatromathematische Hausbücher” (medical-mathematical house-book) tradition, which links and systematizes medical and astrological knowledge to create a kind of everyday handbook for medical treatments, especially bloodletting, to be administered by laymen at home. It is based on the medieval idea of the influence of planets on the health and character of human beings. This specimen would be considered a “poor man’s” version, including, e.g., re-used woodcuts rather than hand-colored paintings. Physical description: paper, 26 leaves, 8 in. x 11 ½ in.; bound in worn (1930s?) black buckram boards. Script: written in 3 hands, one of which is Johann Dolcart (or Dohart), identified on 10 verso. Dating evidence: 1466 on “title page”; polemical poem (13 verso) on the Schwaebischer Bund (not founded until 1488); Golden Numbers and Sunday Letters (8 verso) range from 1500-1536. Thus, the manuscript is reasonably dated 1466-1500. Illustrations: small woodcuts (initial D) with names of months pasted into text on calendar pages, executed some time after 1483. Their date corresponds well to text additions by second scribe (active after 1488). Their appearance is similar to others published in the “teutsch kalender” March 1483 by Heinrich Knoblochtzer in Strassburg. Cf., e.g., Das ist der teutsch kalender mit den figure(n), gedruckt zu Ulm in Jahre 1498 von Johannes Schaeffler (Faksimile-Edition, kommentiert von Peter Amelung. Zurich, 1978). Condition: fair; marks and traces of continued use; trimming along borders cuts off some text; insect damage; some evidence of restoration.
    Subject: Life skills--Handbooks, manuals, etc., Calendars, Medical astrology, and Planets--Mythology
    Language: German
    Publisher: Concordia Seminary Library
  • Contributing Institution: Concordia Seminary Library
    Description: Germany (Rhine?), 12th century. Manuscript of James, 1-2 Peter, 1-3 John, Jude, and Revelation, with a prologue to the Epistles, an extract from the First Prologue of Revelation, notes on the Seven Seals, a brief history of the world corresponding to the Seven Seals (13th century), and the order of ceremonies in Holy Week (14th century). The Scripture text includes the ordinary gloss and generally agrees with the Clementine and Sistine Vulgate, with scribal errors, and approaches to the Western text (Irish, Gallican, Orleans, and Alcuin texts). Several inscriptions by previous owners. Physical description: Ms. on thick vellum, 89 folio leaves; 6 in. x 8 7/8 in.; initials in red; glossed with interlinear notes; signatures and catchwords. Text is complete, but the foliation is incorrect. (Collation provided in first image.)
    Subject: John, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, Bible. New Testament, Bible. Revelation, Bible. Jude, Peter, 1st, 2nd, Manuscripts, Latin, Bible, and Bible. James
    Language: Latin
    Publisher: Concordia Seminary Library