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  • Xg94hw46z?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The burning of Dr. Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, in y [the] Towne ditch at Oxford, with his hand first thrust into y [the] fire, wherewith he subscribed before.” Cranmer is fully clothed and chained to the stake. The execution takes placed outside of Oxford. Cranmer, ("Lord receive my Spirit") has both arms outstretched and has his right hand placed in the fire that engulfs him. Cranmer is surrounded by a large group of onlookers that mostly consists of soldiers. Several of the soldiers tend to the fire and adjust the faggots below Cranmer. In the foreground of the image is a man who appears to be a civilian and has his arms outstretched toward Cranmer. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/44 and 11223/88, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (519 KB).
  • Df65vf32w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Following his arrest, Thomas Cranmer ("L. Receiue my spirit" ["Lord receive my spirit"]) burns at the stake outside Oxford. Cranmer punishes his right hand in the fire because it had signed a statement that recanted his Protestant belief prior to his execution. A friar (identified xylographically as "Frier Iohn" ["Friar John"]) gestures at the worker who lights the pyre. A crowd of soldiers and civilians joins three richly dressed figures, seated at the right of the image, in observing the execution. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/44, 11223/88. JPEG file (1.03 MB).
  • Fj236804z?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: While Doctor Henry Cole ("D. Cole.") preaches from a pulpit, a friar and two others pull Cranmer ("Cranmer.") down from a platform. A congregation and a group of clerics observe Cranmer's arrest. The event occurs at the University Church of St. Mary, in Oxford. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/43, 11223/87. JPEG file (990 KB).
  • 73666b353?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Cranmer stands in a fire on a small platform. He thrusts his right hand into the blaze in order to punish the hand that temporarily recanted his Protestant belief prior to his execution. A worker tends the fire on Cranmer's left, while a crowd of soldiers and others observes from a distance. Cranmer's execution occurs outside Oxford. This woodcut appears only in the 1559 Latin edition. No Luborsky and Ingram #. JPEG file (2.26 MB).
  • Dn39x731c?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: This full-page woodcut insert depicts the execution of Hugh Latimer, the former Bishop of Worcester, and Nicholas Ridley, the Edwardian Bishop of London. Richard Smith ("Smith.") preaches at a portable pulpit from I Corinthians 13:3 ("Si corp[us] meu[m] tradam igni caritate[m] aute[m] non habea[m] nihil vtilitatis &c." ["If I should surrender my body to the fire and have not charity, however, nothing of usefulness, etc"]). "Ridley" ("In man[us] tuas domine" [In your hand, O Lord]) and "Latimer" ("Father of heue[n] receue my soule" ["Father of heaven, receive my soul"]) stand back to back, chained against a stake, while workers prepare to light the pyre that will consume them. Latimer gestures toward a large crowd of civilians, who are restrained by soldiers, and Ridley motions toward the priest who stands before him and the richly dressed individuals who are seated beyond. One of these ("L. Willia[m]s." ["L[ord] Williams"]) reads from a scroll ("M. Ridley I wil remember your suite." ["M[aster] Ridley, I will remember your suit"]), while others, including Thomas Cranmer, the recently deprived Archbishop of Canterbury ("Cranmar.") ("O Lord strengthen them"), watch from above. The execution occurs outside Oxford. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/38, 11223/81. JPEG file (2.57 MB).
  • 2801pp370?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The description of Dr. Cranmer, how he was plucked down from the stage, by Friars and Papists, for the true Confessions of his faith.” While Doctor Henry Cole ("D. Cole.") preaches from a pulpit, Cranmer (“Dr. Cranmer”) is pulled down from the stage by friars and clerics and arrested for the true confession of his faith. A congregation and a group of clerics observe Cranmer's arrest. The event occurs at the University Church of St. Mary, in Oxford. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/43 and 11223/87, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (515 KB).
  • 0p096d888?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Bishop Nicholas Ridley (“Ridley”) of London and Bishop Hugh Latimer (“Latimer”) of Worcester are tied, back-to-back, to a stake outside of Oxford. Ridley ("In manus tuas domine [In your hand, Oh Lord]"), stands facing to the left of the image with his arms outstretched to the crowd. Latimer ("Father of Heaven, receive my soul") stands facing the right of the image with his arms outstretched as well. The two men are surrounded by a very large crowd, and a richly dressed priest, ("D. Smith,") stands at a pulpit at the top of the image and quotes the biblical passage from I Corinthians 13:3: "Si corpus meum tradam igni caritatem autem non habeaum nihil vtilitatis &c. [If I should surrender my body to the fire and have not charity, however, nothing of usefulness, etc]". A very large crowd surrounds the burning of Ridley and Latimer, including a group of richly dressed men to the left of the image. One of these men, ("L. Wilhas,") motions toward Ridley and says, "Master Ridley, I will remember your suit." Thomas Cranmer [“Cranmer"] watches the execution from above, saying, "O Lord, strengthen them." Soldiers arrange the faggots and prepare for the burning. Unlike earlier editions, this engraving is no longer tipped-in. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/38 and 11223/81, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (459 KB).