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  • 8s45qg773?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Laurence is seated and chained to a chair while flames surround him and a dark cloud of smoke hovers above him. Small children with tears streaming down their faces, run about the fire in the foreground of the image. Laurence has his arms extended upward and is surrounded by a crowd of soldiers and civilians. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/64, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (428 KB).
  • 3x816t173?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Edmund Bonner [Boner], Bishop of London, burns Thomas Tomkins’ hand while others look on. This scene takes place directly before the burning of Thomas Tomkins. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/28 and 11223/63, which appear in all four of the early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (446 KB).
  • Q811kr417?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: William Hunter, naked and with hands clasped and raised as in prayer, stands chained to the stake. A “false prophet,” dressed in a hooded robe, is holding an open book in front of Hunter; Hunter speaks to him: "Away thou False Prophet." Other soldiers tend the fire that is engulfing Hunter while a crowd of civilians and soldiers observes from behind. In earlier editions this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/39, which appears three times in the second (1570) early English edition. This is a completely new design not seen in earlier editions. JPEG file (441 KB).
  • 0p096d888?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Bishop Nicholas Ridley (“Ridley”) of London and Bishop Hugh Latimer (“Latimer”) of Worcester are tied, back-to-back, to a stake outside of Oxford. Ridley ("In manus tuas domine [In your hand, Oh Lord]"), stands facing to the left of the image with his arms outstretched to the crowd. Latimer ("Father of Heaven, receive my soul") stands facing the right of the image with his arms outstretched as well. The two men are surrounded by a very large crowd, and a richly dressed priest, ("D. Smith,") stands at a pulpit at the top of the image and quotes the biblical passage from I Corinthians 13:3: "Si corpus meum tradam igni caritatem autem non habeaum nihil vtilitatis &c. [If I should surrender my body to the fire and have not charity, however, nothing of usefulness, etc]". A very large crowd surrounds the burning of Ridley and Latimer, including a group of richly dressed men to the left of the image. One of these men, ("L. Wilhas,") motions toward Ridley and says, "Master Ridley, I will remember your suit." Thomas Cranmer [“Cranmer"] watches the execution from above, saying, "O Lord, strengthen them." Soldiers arrange the faggots and prepare for the burning. Unlike earlier editions, this engraving is no longer tipped-in. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/38 and 11223/81, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (459 KB).
  • 6t053n638?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Five martyrs -- George Catmer, Robert Streater, Anthony Burward, George Brodbridge, and James Tutty – are chained about the waist to two stakes at Canterbury. All are fully clothed and four of the five men have their hands clasped in prayer. The fifth man appears to be conversing with the soldier directly at his right who is pointing in the martyr's direction. A large group of soldiers gathers around the martyrs to watch the burning. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/78, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (507 KB).
  • 8w32rc25k?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two men, William Wolsey and Robert Pygot, stand fully clothed and chained, back-to-back, to the stake. They are both turned to gaze at each other and both have their arms extended. Soldiers surround them and two soldiers stand at the foreground of the image. In earlier editions, this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/37, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. Here, this martyrdom appears as a completely new design. JPEG file (534 KB).
  • F7623k95d?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Master Robert Glover and Cornelius Bongey are chained to one stake at Coventry. Both men appear to be dressed in uniform and each has an arm draped around the other and the opposite arm raised toward the sky. They appear to be looking at each other while a crowd of soldiers surrounds them and three of the soldiers stoke the fire. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/79, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (513 KB).
  • St74cx52z?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An executioner stands at the body and severed head of George Scherrer and gestures to a crowd of onlookers. The arms and legs of Scherrer's corpse are crossed, and his trunk bleeds at the neck. A cluster of buildings is visible in the distance. According to Foxe, Scherrer had predicted that a miraculous sign would accompany his execution as a testimony to the truth of his Protestant belief. Foxe interprets the crossing of Scherrer's limbs after his beheading as the fulfillment of this prophecy. The woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/40. JPEG file (3.88 MB).
  • Ng451q210?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A man dressed in loincloth lies chained to a wooden platform. Workers with shirt sleeves rolled up lacerate the man by scraping shells across his body. One worker lifts the man's head by the beard. (Cartouche: "Christians scraped with sharpe shelles.79." ["Christians scraped with sharp shells. 79."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (315 KB). and "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection).
  • F4752p92b?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The description of the cruell [cruel] Martyrdome [Martyrdom] of Sir John Oldcastle, Lord Cobham.” Oldcastle hangs chained from the gallows over an open fire in the Tower of London. He is partially naked and is surrounded by soldiers and civilians. One man holds a whip and others prod the fire. This engraving is a revised version of the woodcut that appears in all early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/10, 11223/13. JPEG file (418 KB).