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  • 3b591g32w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Bent, who stands bare-chested with hands raised as in prayer, stands chained to the stake while flames and smoke surround him. Bent is surrounded by a group of soldiers; one soldier, in the bottom left-hand corner of the image, stokes the fire beneath Bent's feet. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/39, which appears in the second, third, and fourth early English editions (1570, 1576, 1583) to illustrate various martyrdoms, but in the third edition (1576) it is only used to represent the martyrdom of John Bent. JPEG file (464 KB).
  • St74cx52z?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Foxe, John, 1516-1587
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Complete set of woodcut illustrations from the first (1563), second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) English editions of John Foxe’s Actes and Monuments; complete set of woodcut illustrations from the second Latin edition (1559); title page images from the Latin editions (1554 and 1559); and Kalender and almanacs selected from first four English editions. Materials supplied from the collections of The Ohio State University Libraries and Bridwell Library, Southern Methodist University; Large three-page composite woodcut, “Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church,” here included by permission from the personal library of John N. King, Distinguished University Professor and Humanities Distinguished Professor of English & of Religious Studies, The Ohio State University. The image-specific metadata incorporates Foxe inventory numbers supplied by Ruth Samson Luborsky and Elizabeth Morley Ingram, A Guide to English Illustrated Books, 1536-1603, 2 vols. (Tempe, AZ: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1998). Unless otherwise noted, woodcut illustrations appear once in each specified edition and only in designated editions. Woodcuts occur in the database in the order of their first appearance in the Foxe volumes themselves, according to the following progression: 1554, 1559, 1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583. Foxe uses selected woodcuts repeatedly throughout the Book of Martyrs. The database employs a letter/number system to describe these cuts, whereby numbers distinguish the use of woodcuts of similar designs and letters distinguish each use of any given cut across different Foxe editions. The names of martyrs given with these repeated cuts are transcribed verbatim from respective Foxe volumes. Square brackets indicate expanded abbreviations or other supplied text. When modernized versions of literatum transcriptions are not given, the modern use of “u/v” and “i/j” is maintained. Mark Rankin would like to thank Christopher Bungard, Richard Firth Green, Leslie Lockett, Christopher Manion, Katie Rankin, and Rocki Wentzel for assistance with translation. Thanks also go to Marti Alt, Wesley Boomgaarden, Harry Campbell, Valerie Hotchkiss, John N. King, Ben McCorkle, and Betsy Walsh, as well as the staff of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Library of The Ohio State University and the staff of Special Collections, Bridwell Library, Southern Methodist University. A Bridwell Library Visiting Scholar’s Fellowship facilitated the completion of the work.
  • Vd66w578j?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Foxe, John, 1516-1587
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Complete set of images (mostly engravings) from the ninth (1684) edition of John Foxe’s Acts and Monuments of Matters most Special and Memorable, Happening in the Church (“Book of Martyrs”), including the title page images of the three volume set, the “Kalender” of martyrdoms, the title page for an added section in volume 3: "A Continuation of the Histories of Forreign Martyrs," and the Table (index). Materials supplied from the collections of The Ohio State University Libraries and Bridwell Library, Southern Methodist University. Inventory numbers supplied by Ruth Samson Luborsky and Elizabeth Morley Ingram, A Guide to English Illustrated Books, 1536-1603, 2 vols. (Tempe, AZ: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1998), are used to compare the images in this 1684 collection with the woodcuts in the early English editions (see ATLA’s CDRI collection “Woodcut Illustrations from the First Four English Editions of John Foxe’s Actes and Monuments”). Square brackets indicate expanded abbreviations or other supplied text. When modernized versions of literatum transcriptions are not given, the modern use of “u/v” and “i/j” is maintained.
  • D217qw01w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Pitts Theology Library
    Description: In Matthew 23, Jesus rebuked his audience for their ancestors' stoning of God's prophets
  • X920g337f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Pitts Theology Library
    Description: Some Christian tradition holds that the Apostle Peter was crucified upside-down
  • Br86b812p?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Pitts Theology Library
    Description: The Apostle Thomas was martyred with a spear, according to some Christian tradition; the electoral and ducal arms of Saxony hang on the wall
  • Vx021m13z?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Pitts Theology Library
    Description: Some Christian tradition holds that the Apostle James (the Greater) was martyred by being beheaded
  • M613n397j?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Pitts Theology Library
    Description: The Apostle Matthew stands with a builder's square in hand, while in the background is depicted his own martyrdom by decapitation. The monogram of the artist, Virgil Solis (1514-1562), is on the tree limb at the upper right.
  • 5t34sq78w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Pitts Theology Library
    Description: The Apostle Judas Thadeus stands with his attribute the club, while in the background is depicted his own martyrdom by beating. The monogram of the artist, Virgil Solis (1514-1562), is in the upper right.
  • 9880vx23w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Pitts Theology Library
    Description: The Apostle Philip stands with a staff with a cross at its head, while in the background is depicted his own martyrdom by crucifixion. The monogram of the artist, Virgil Solis (1514-1562), is in the clouds at the upper left.