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  • Cf95jj67b?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Three female martyrs on the left side of the image hold their hands before them in prayer. One of the three men, at right center, holds his arms away from his body. A second man, at the far right, prays with folded hands outstretched. All six martyrs are clothed. This woodcut appears twice in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of John Fishcocke, Nicolas White, Nicolas Pardue, Barbara Final widow, Bradbrege's widow, Wilson's wife, and Benden's wife (at Canterbury) (sig. OOOOo2v, p. 1981) and William Bongor, Will. Purcas, Tho. Benold, Agnes Siluerside alias Smith, Helene Ewring, and Elizabeth Folkes (at Colchester) (sig. QQQQq4v, p. 2008). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/96. JPEG file (3.91 MB).
  • 0p096d68s?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Even though this image contains six martyrs, Foxe uses it to illustrate the 1557 burning of ten martyrs at Lewes. The six martyrs, both women and men, burn at three stakes. Four of them fold their hands in prayer. A fifth, at the rear, raises his arms above his head, and a sixth, at the far left, points upward with his right arm and extends his left. Even though the design of this woodcut is similar to other woodcuts that undergo repetition in the Book of Martyrs, this woodcut appears only once in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/97. JPEG file (4.01 MB).
  • M613n462n?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A clothed woman and three clothed men burn at two stakes. The woman folds her hands before her in prayer. One of the men, at the right, faces forward and displays his palm. A second man stands in profile on the left and raises both arms above his head, while a third man, at the rear, raises his left arm. This woodcut appears twice in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of Rafe Allerton, James Austoo, Margery Austoo, and Richard Roth (at Islington) (sig. SSSSs1r, p. 2215) and John Corneford, Christopher Browne, John Herst, Alyce Snoth, Katherine Knight, and Katherine Tynley (at Canterbury) (sig. XXXXx2r [right], p. 2253). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/100. JPEG file (3.78 MB).
  • 6m311v79d?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection). and Four men stand bound to a pole. Three men are clothed in loincloth, and the fourth stands with his back to the viewer. The man on the far right looks upward, and two of the men wear crowns of thorns. A soldier drives a spear into one of the men, whose blood flows. (Cartouche: "The Christians most cruelly thrust through.89." ["The Christians most cruelly thrust through. 89."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (502 KB).
  • 8049gb789?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Flames engulf Haukes ("O Lord, Receiue my spirite." ["O Lord, receive my spirit"]), who burns outside Coxehall in Essex. Haukes raises his arms above his head and gazes upward as he slumps against his chain. A man on horseback supervises the execution, and a crowd of soldiers and alarmed civilians observes. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/31, 11223/69. JPEG file (1.05 MB).
  • 4j03d512j?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Cardmaker ("I. Cardmaker." ["J. Cardmaker"]) stands barefoot before piles of faggots and addresses two richly dressed men on horseback. Chained to a stake among faggots, Warne ("Bevvare of idolatry" ["Beware of idolatry"]) addresses civilians and soldiers, who gesture in return. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/30, 11223/68. JPEG file (980 KB).
  • 1257b023p?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection). and A man dressed in loincloth burns in an iron chair. A soldier tends the fire beneath the man, who gazes upward and extends his hands outward in helplessness. (Cartouche: "Maturus & Sanctus fried in an yron chaire. 47." ["Martyrs and saints fried in an iron chair. 47."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (406 KB).
  • Cn69mb117?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Five martyrs burn at Smithfield: Tho. Loseby, Henry Ramsey, Thomas Thyrtell, Margarete Hyde, and Agnes Stanley. They are chained to two separate stakes; all are fully clothed and have their hands clasped in prayer. They are engulfed by large flames and thick black clouds of smoke hover above them. A group of soldiers surrounds them; the soldier to the left of the image has his right hand extended and appears to be pointing to one of the martyrs. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/78, which only appeared in the second early English edition (1570). It is also the same design used to illustrate "The martyrdom of George Catmer, Robert Streater, Anthony Burward, George Brodbridge, and James Tutty." JPEG file (479 KB),
  • W6634940v?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "The Martyrdome of Thomas Benbridge, Anno 1558 July 19." Thomas Benbridge, fully clothed with arms lifted upward, and chained, burning at the stake. He is bearded and has both hands lifted upward. He gazes down at the crowd of soldiers that surrounds him. One soldier at the bottom right of the image tends the fire. Another soldier who stands at the left of the image appears to be administering the martyrdom. The caption of the image indicates that this martyrdom took place on July 19th of 1558. In earlier editions, this martyrdom is represented by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/16 and appears only in the fourth (1583) early English edition. However, it is a completely new design here. JPEG file (509 KB).
  • W6634934q?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "The patient Martyrdome of a poore woman at Exeter, being one Prests wife." A woman, identified as Prest’s wife (“God be Mercifull [Merciful] to me a Sinner”) stands fully clothed and chained to the stake. She has her arms raised as if she is gesturing while speaking to the crowd that surrounds her. A crowd of soldiers observes. Heavily revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/103, which appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (534 KB).