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  • Js956n915?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "Foure burned at St. Edmunds Bury." Four men--John Cooke, Robert Myles alias Plummer, Alexander Lane, and James Ashley-- stand clothed in robes and chained to two stakes. They are surrounded by flames and each man has his arms extended toward the crowd that surrounds them. In earlier editions, this martyrdom is represented by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/100. It is, however, a completely new design here, different from the revision of “The martyrdom of Rafe Allerton, James Austoo, Margery Austoo, and Richard Roth.” JPEG file (536 KB).
  • D791sp002?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: James Mordon and Thomas Bernard stand tied to the stake, each with an arm around the other's shoulder and their outside arm raised. A fire burns beneath them while several men stoke the flame. A crowd of onlookers gathers around them. This image appears four times in the second early English edition (1570) to represent the martyrdoms of four separate pairs of men. In earlier editions this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/12. In the present edition, the martyrdom is illustrated by a revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/79, but is different from the revision of this image represented by "The burning of John Claidon and Richard Turming." JPEG file (439 KB).
  • 9c67wt65x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Doctor Robert Farrar, the Bishop of St. David's, burns at the stake while a hostile crowd of soldiers surrounds him. One of the soldiers wields a wooden stick at Farrar. Farrar is fully clothed and chained to a stake while clouds of smoke and flames engulf him. In the first edition (1563) this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11222/27. In the second through fourth editions (1570, 1576, 1583) it is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/19 and 12000/01. However, this engraving is a new design, based very loosely on Luborsky and Ingram 11223/38 but differs from the martyrdoms illustrated by "The burning of Richard Ffeurus," "The burning of James Bainham," "The burning of Thomas Bilney," and "The burning of Adam Wallace." JPEG file (452 KB).
  • 8s45qg773?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Laurence is seated and chained to a chair while flames surround him and a dark cloud of smoke hovers above him. Small children with tears streaming down their faces, run about the fire in the foreground of the image. Laurence has his arms extended upward and is surrounded by a crowd of soldiers and civilians. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/64, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (428 KB).
  • Q811kr417?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: William Hunter, naked and with hands clasped and raised as in prayer, stands chained to the stake. A “false prophet,” dressed in a hooded robe, is holding an open book in front of Hunter; Hunter speaks to him: "Away thou False Prophet." Other soldiers tend the fire that is engulfing Hunter while a crowd of civilians and soldiers observes from behind. In earlier editions this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/39, which appears three times in the second (1570) early English edition. This is a completely new design not seen in earlier editions. JPEG file (441 KB).
  • 0p096d888?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Bishop Nicholas Ridley (“Ridley”) of London and Bishop Hugh Latimer (“Latimer”) of Worcester are tied, back-to-back, to a stake outside of Oxford. Ridley ("In manus tuas domine [In your hand, Oh Lord]"), stands facing to the left of the image with his arms outstretched to the crowd. Latimer ("Father of Heaven, receive my soul") stands facing the right of the image with his arms outstretched as well. The two men are surrounded by a very large crowd, and a richly dressed priest, ("D. Smith,") stands at a pulpit at the top of the image and quotes the biblical passage from I Corinthians 13:3: "Si corpus meum tradam igni caritatem autem non habeaum nihil vtilitatis &c. [If I should surrender my body to the fire and have not charity, however, nothing of usefulness, etc]". A very large crowd surrounds the burning of Ridley and Latimer, including a group of richly dressed men to the left of the image. One of these men, ("L. Wilhas,") motions toward Ridley and says, "Master Ridley, I will remember your suit." Thomas Cranmer [“Cranmer"] watches the execution from above, saying, "O Lord, strengthen them." Soldiers arrange the faggots and prepare for the burning. Unlike earlier editions, this engraving is no longer tipped-in. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/38 and 11223/81, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (459 KB).
  • 6t053n638?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Five martyrs -- George Catmer, Robert Streater, Anthony Burward, George Brodbridge, and James Tutty – are chained about the waist to two stakes at Canterbury. All are fully clothed and four of the five men have their hands clasped in prayer. The fifth man appears to be conversing with the soldier directly at his right who is pointing in the martyr's direction. A large group of soldiers gathers around the martyrs to watch the burning. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/78, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (507 KB).
  • 8w32rc25k?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two men, William Wolsey and Robert Pygot, stand fully clothed and chained, back-to-back, to the stake. They are both turned to gaze at each other and both have their arms extended. Soldiers surround them and two soldiers stand at the foreground of the image. In earlier editions, this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/37, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. Here, this martyrdom appears as a completely new design. JPEG file (534 KB).
  • F7623k95d?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Master Robert Glover and Cornelius Bongey are chained to one stake at Coventry. Both men appear to be dressed in uniform and each has an arm draped around the other and the opposite arm raised toward the sky. They appear to be looking at each other while a crowd of soldiers surrounds them and three of the soldiers stoke the fire. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/79, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (513 KB).
  • St74cx52z?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An executioner stands at the body and severed head of George Scherrer and gestures to a crowd of onlookers. The arms and legs of Scherrer's corpse are crossed, and his trunk bleeds at the neck. A cluster of buildings is visible in the distance. According to Foxe, Scherrer had predicted that a miraculous sign would accompany his execution as a testimony to the truth of his Protestant belief. Foxe interprets the crossing of Scherrer's limbs after his beheading as the fulfillment of this prophecy. The woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/40. JPEG file (3.88 MB).