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Filtering by: Subject Martyrdom Remove constraint Subject: Martyrdom Subject Executions and executioners Remove constraint Subject: Executions and executioners Subject History Remove constraint Subject: History Subject Torture--Religious aspects Remove constraint Subject: Torture--Religious aspects
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  • Sx61ds97b?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Six individuals attempt to escape an oblong-shaped domed building as it burns. Some of them are clothed, some are partially clothed, and some are naked. At the base of the building, two guards impale a man as he tries to escape. A second man leaps from the building through an upper window, toward the lit brands carried by two other guards beneath. (Cartouche: "Here the faithfull Christians are most cruelly burned in their Temple to the number of twenty thousand, both me[n], women, and children. 78." ["Here the faithful Christians are most cruelly burned in their Temple to the number of twenty thousand, both men, women, and children. 78."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (1.39 MB). and "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection).
  • 9306t5286?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Dressed in loincloth, St. Peter is crucified upside-down. A soldier raises him to the cross and holds him in place with his right knee. The soldier's ladder leans against the cross. (Cartouche: "Peter the Apostlehanged upon the Crosse. 34." ["Peter the apostle hanged upon the cross. 34."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (272 KB). and "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection).
  • Dz010w880?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Lawrence ("This side is now rosted inough,turne up O tyrant great. &c. 72." ["This side is now roasted enough, turn up (i.e., over) o tyrant great, etc. 72."]) lies naked on his left side on a grid iron. A man operates a bellows that fuels the flames. Lawrence raises his right arm above his head, and another man places an additional log on the fire. Soldiers and an emperor observe. (Cartouche: "Laurence layd upon the Gridyron, by Galienus, or Decius. 72." ["Laurence laid upon the grid iron by Galienus or Decius. 72."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (1.26 MB). and "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection).
  • K3569b011?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection). and Four soldiers prepare to throw a naked man upon the horns of six raging bulls. The bulls are chained to stumps, and two people, also naked, have already been tossed to them. (Cartouche: "Christians tossed upon Bulles hornes.48." ["Christians tossed upon Bulls' horns. 48."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (572 KB).
  • 1z40m035k?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two men stone two chained martyrs. One martyr slumps downward onto his chest, while the other kneels, facing away from his attackers, and prays. Both martyrs are clothed. (Cartouche: "The Christia[n]s stoned, to death. 89." ["The Christians stoned to death. 89."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (280 KB). and "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection).
  • 0c483q91k?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection). and Guards sever the limbs of a naked man. One guard secures the man, and a second guard uses a sword to sever the man's left hand. The man's right arm and both of his feet have already been removed. The guards have each rolled up their shirt sleeves. Blood pours from the man's severed stumps, and a second man lies dead below. (Cartouche: "Christia[n]s hands & feete cut of.34.88.93." ["Christians' hands and feet cut off. 34. 88. 93."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (304 KB).
  • Ng451q210?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A man dressed in loincloth lies chained to a wooden platform. Workers with shirt sleeves rolled up lacerate the man by scraping shells across his body. One worker lifts the man's head by the beard. (Cartouche: "Christians scraped with sharpe shelles.79." ["Christians scraped with sharp shells. 79."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (315 KB). and "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection).
  • Tt44pt71t?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two guards roast a naked man, whom they have bound to a spit. One of the guards ladles vinegar and salt over the martyr. The bucket containing the vinegar-salt mixture rests at the guard's right knee. [Cartouche: "The rosting of Christians at a low fire, with vineger and salt poured upo[n] their members.78." / "The roasting of Christians at a low fire, with vinegar and salt poured upon their members. 78."]. This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (622 KB). and "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection).
  • Cj82kf41f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection). and Guards flog a group of partially clothed and naked men and women, some of whom wear crowns of thorns. These soldiers drive the martyrs up a slope and around a tree trunk. They then force the martyrs over the edge of the summit. The victims fall onto sharp pikes and are impaled. A town is visible in the distance. The design of the illustration is based on Albrecht Dürer's Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand (c.1496). (Cartouche: "Christia[n]s driue[n] up the mou[n]taines.34.79." ["Christians driven up the mountains. 34. 79."]); ("The Christians cruelly are throwen downethe mountaines. 34." ["The Christians cruelly are thrown down the mountains. 34."]); ("And so falling downe upon sharpe stakis." ["And so falling down upon sharp stakes."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (1.36 MB).
  • 6m311v79d?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection). and Four men stand bound to a pole. Three men are clothed in loincloth, and the fourth stands with his back to the viewer. The man on the far right looks upward, and two of the men wear crowns of thorns. A soldier drives a spear into one of the men, whose blood flows. (Cartouche: "The Christians most cruelly thrust through.89." ["The Christians most cruelly thrust through. 89."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (502 KB).