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  • 3b591g32w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Bent, who stands bare-chested with hands raised as in prayer, stands chained to the stake while flames and smoke surround him. Bent is surrounded by a group of soldiers; one soldier, in the bottom left-hand corner of the image, stokes the fire beneath Bent's feet. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/39, which appears in the second, third, and fourth early English editions (1570, 1576, 1583) to illustrate various martyrdoms, but in the third edition (1576) it is only used to represent the martyrdom of John Bent. JPEG file (464 KB).
  • K643b7043?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two clothed women fold their hands in prayer as they burn. This woodcut appears twice in the third edition (1576) to illustrate the burning of Agnes Potten and Joane Trunchfield (at Ipswich) (sig. AAAAa2r, p. 1787) and Margaret Thurston and Agnes Bongeor (at Colchester) (sig. LLLLl5r [left], p. 1913). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/89. JPEG file (3.66 MB).
  • Pc289q90t?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two clothed women fold their hands in prayer as they burn. This woodcut appears twice in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield (at Ipswich) (sig. FFFFf1v, p. 2072) and Margaret Thurston and Agnes Bongeor (at Colchester) (sig. SSSSs1v, p. 2216). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/89. JPEG file (3.66 MB).
  • 6d570350b?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A chained man burns at the stake. He faces toward the left of the image and clasps his hands in prayer. This woodcut appears fourteen times in the third edition (1576) to illustrate the burning of Richard Houeden (sig. KK4r, p. 643); Babram (at Northfolk) (sig. PP5v, p. 706); Christopher Shomaker (at Newberry) (sig. BBb5r, p. 793); Gyles (sig. HHh3v, p. 862); N. Peke (at Ipswich) (sig. FFF5v, p. 1106); Kerby (at Ipswich) (sig. OOO6r, p. 1203); Adam Wallace (sig. RRR5r, p. 1237); Thomas Tomkyns (at Smithfield) (sig. SSSs1r, p. 1461); Nicholas Halle (at Rochester) (sig. FFFF6r, p. 1591); James Abbes (at Bury) (sig. GGGG2r [right], p. 1595); John Noyes (at Laxfield) (sig. LLLLl5v, p. 1914); William Nicole (at Herefordwest, Wales) (sig. MMMMm6r [right], p. 1927); Thomas Benbridge, Gentleman (sig. NNNNn6v, p. 1940); and Thomas Benion (at Bristow) (sig. OOOOo3v [left], p. 1946). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/18. JPEG file (3.57 MB).
  • Cf95jj67b?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Three female martyrs on the left side of the image hold their hands before them in prayer. One of the three men, at right center, holds his arms away from his body. A second man, at the far right, prays with folded hands outstretched. All six martyrs are clothed. This woodcut appears twice in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of John Fishcocke, Nicolas White, Nicolas Pardue, Barbara Final widow, Bradbrege's widow, Wilson's wife, and Benden's wife (at Canterbury) (sig. OOOOo2v, p. 1981) and William Bongor, Will. Purcas, Tho. Benold, Agnes Siluerside alias Smith, Helene Ewring, and Elizabeth Folkes (at Colchester) (sig. QQQQq4v, p. 2008). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/96. JPEG file (3.91 MB).
  • 0p096d68s?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Even though this image contains six martyrs, Foxe uses it to illustrate the 1557 burning of ten martyrs at Lewes. The six martyrs, both women and men, burn at three stakes. Four of them fold their hands in prayer. A fifth, at the rear, raises his arms above his head, and a sixth, at the far left, points upward with his right arm and extends his left. Even though the design of this woodcut is similar to other woodcuts that undergo repetition in the Book of Martyrs, this woodcut appears only once in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/97. JPEG file (4.01 MB).
  • M613n462n?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A clothed woman and three clothed men burn at two stakes. The woman folds her hands before her in prayer. One of the men, at the right, faces forward and displays his palm. A second man stands in profile on the left and raises both arms above his head, while a third man, at the rear, raises his left arm. This woodcut appears twice in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of Rafe Allerton, James Austoo, Margery Austoo, and Richard Roth (at Islington) (sig. SSSSs1r, p. 2215) and John Corneford, Christopher Browne, John Herst, Alyce Snoth, Katherine Knight, and Katherine Tynley (at Canterbury) (sig. XXXXx2r [right], p. 2253). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/100. JPEG file (3.78 MB).
  • Cn69mb117?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Five martyrs burn at Smithfield: Tho. Loseby, Henry Ramsey, Thomas Thyrtell, Margarete Hyde, and Agnes Stanley. They are chained to two separate stakes; all are fully clothed and have their hands clasped in prayer. They are engulfed by large flames and thick black clouds of smoke hover above them. A group of soldiers surrounds them; the soldier to the left of the image has his right hand extended and appears to be pointing to one of the martyrs. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/78, which only appeared in the second early English edition (1570). It is also the same design used to illustrate "The martyrdom of George Catmer, Robert Streater, Anthony Burward, George Brodbridge, and James Tutty." JPEG file (479 KB),
  • W6634934q?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "The patient Martyrdome of a poore woman at Exeter, being one Prests wife." A woman, identified as Prest’s wife (“God be Mercifull [Merciful] to me a Sinner”) stands fully clothed and chained to the stake. She has her arms raised as if she is gesturing while speaking to the crowd that surrounds her. A crowd of soldiers observes. Heavily revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/103, which appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (534 KB).
  • X059cf06x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Christopher Shoomaker, an elderly bearded man, stands chained to the stake, fully clothed and with hands clasped and his face turned upward. His lips appear to be open and he may be speaking, perhaps to the soldier in front of him who is gesturing with his hand. He is surrounded by a crowd of civilians and soldiers. In earlier editions this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/18 and appears only in the second (1570) and third early English editions (1576) to depict the burning of Christopher Shoomaker. This engraving, however, is an entirely new design based on Luborsky and Ingram 11223/19 and 11223/39 but is different from the design of "The burning of Babram." JPEG file (446 KB).