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  • M613n474f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Four martyrs-- John Bland, John Frankesh, Nicholas Sheterden, and Humfrey Middleton--are chained to two stakes. All four are fully clothed. A group of soldiers surrounds the burning martyrs and several soldiers tend the fire in the foreground of the image. In earlier editions this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/37, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. This version is illustrated by a completely new design. JPEG file (369 KB).
  • 8g84mt515?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: The martyrdom of three women and an infant at the Isle of Garnsey. The caption of the image indicates that this martyrdom took place on July 18th, 1556. All three women are naked and chained to the stake while an infant emerges from the womb of the woman in the middle. All three women have their arms outstretched and are engulfed by the flames beneath them. They are surrounded by a group of soldiers, several of whom tend to the fire. According the text that surrounds the image, the infant initially was thrown out of the fire only to be cast back in once it hit the ground. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/46 and 11223/93, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (503 KB).
  • H702qc54g?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Apprice, who is blind, and the lame Hugh Laverocke are martyred at Stratford the Bowe, near London. Both Apprice and Laverocke are chained to the stake and are surrounded by faggots and flames. Laverocke holds two crutches in his hands while Apprice has his eyes closed and his hands outstretched toward the crowd surrounding them. Both men are fully clothed and are surrounded by a fairly large group of ambivalent soldiers. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/90 and appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (541 KB).
  • 47429g50z?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Three women-- Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thackvel, and Joan Horns, are burned at the stake. All three women are fully clothed and have their hands clasped in prayer. The execution takes place at Smithfield and the women are surrounded by a group of soldiers, several of whom are on horseback. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/91, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (535 KB).
  • 8p58pk70x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Four men and three women--John Fishcocke, Nicolas Whyte, Nicolas Pardue, Barbara Fynal widow, Wilson’s wife, and Alice Benden--are chained to three stakes and are engulfed by large flames. All seven martyrs are fully clothed. The three men are all chained to the stake at the far left of the image. The four women are chained to two separate stakes and one of them has her arms extended above her head. A crowd of soldiers, gathers below the burning martyrs, some of whom are on horseback, two soldiers tend the fire and faggots. The martyrdom takes place at Canterbury. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/96, which appears twice in the second (1570) early English edition. JPEG file (1.21 MB).
  • 6q182s16v?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The manner of burning Anne Askew, Iohn [John] Lacels, Iohn [John] Adams, & Nicolas Beleman, with certane [certain] of y [the] counsel [council] sitting in Smithfield.” This aerial view of Smithfield shows the martyrs tied to the stake. All four have their hands clasped in prayer while soldiers are carrying bundles of wood and placing them around the feet of the four martyrs. A large crowd encircles the arena surrounding the martyrs and soldiers on foot and horseback stand outside of the large circle. Several buildings are in the background with onlookers peering through the windows. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/21 and 11223/54, which appear in all four of the early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (421 KB).
  • Gm80j250x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Laurence Saunders, fully clothed with hands clasped as in prayer, is tied to the stake at Coventry. Saunders is facing the left of the image. The executioner nails the chain to the stake while Saunders proclaims: “Welcome life." He is surrounded by a rowdy crowd of soldiers and civilians, a few of whom appear to be arguing with each other at the right hand side of the image. A richly dressed man in a fur-lined coat sits atop a horse and appears to be supervising the burning. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/24 and 11223/60, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583); in the woodcut illustrations, Saunders is facing the right of the image and, in the OSU Libraries’ copy, the banderole from his mouth says: “"o lord resi[e]ve my soule [O lord receive my soul]." JPEG file (35.1 KB)
  • Rj430b07p?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Two bearded men burn at the stake. Both men wear loincloth, gaze upward, and pray. This woodcut appears four times in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of Henry Voes and John Esch, friars Augustine (sig. GGg6r, p. 1005); John Bland and Joh. Frankesh, ministers, with Nicholas Sheterden and Umfrey Middleton (at Canterbury) (sig. KKKK1v, p. 1856); William Wolsey and Robert Pygot (at Ely) (sig. NNNN2v, p. 1894); and Richard Sharpe and Tho. Hale (at Bristow) (sig. XXXXx1v [right], p. 2252). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/37. JPEG file (4.22 MB).
  • 6395wd52r?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An elderly woman, whom Foxe identifies as "Prest's wife," burns at the stake. She gazes upward and extends her hands outward in prayer. The martyrdom occurs near Exeter. This woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/103. JPEG file (3.96 MB).
  • Th83m511r?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Five out of these six burning martyrs fold their hands in prayer or raise them outward. This woodcut appears five times in the third edition (1576) to illustrate the burning of William Coker, William Hopper, Henry Laurence, Rich. Colliar, Rich. Wright and Wil. Stere (at Canterbury) (sig. GGGG4r, p. 1599); Christopher Lister, John Mace, John Spenser, Simon Joyne, Richard Nichols, and John Hammond (at Colchester) (sig. BBBBb4r, p. 1803); W. Waterer, Stephen Kempe, W. Haye, Thomas Hudson, W. Lowicke, and W. Prowtyng (at Canterbury) (sig. GGGGg3r, p. 1861); Henry Ponde, Rainold Eastlande, Robert Southam, Matthew Ricarby, John Floyd, John Holyday, and Roger Holland (at Smithfield) (sig. NNNNn2v, p. 1932); and Robert Milles, Stephen Cotton, Robert Dynes, Stephen Wight, John Slade, and William Pikes (at Brainford) (sig. NNNNn4v [top], p. 1936). The image first appears in Henry Bull's edition of Certain most godly, fruitful, and comfortable letters of such true saints and holy martyrs as in the late bloody persecution gave their lives (London: John Day, 1564). Luborsky and Ingram 5886/1, 11223/75. JPEG file (3.86 MB).