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  • 1v53k363h?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The burning of master Ierome [Jerome] of Prage [Prague].” During the Council of Constance in Bohemia (1416), Jerome is chained to a stake naked while others (some on horseback) look on and two men tend the fire. This engraving is a slightly revised version of the woodcut depicting Jerome's martyrdom that appears in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/9 and 11223/11. JPEG file (411 KB).
  • 00000530r?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Surrounded by faggots, Jerome stands chained against a stake. A worker lights the fire beneath him, and frowning spectators stand by. Soldiers direct the execution from the ground and from horseback. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/9, 11223/11. JPEG file (1.01 MB).
  • Dn39x731c?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: This full-page woodcut insert depicts the execution of Hugh Latimer, the former Bishop of Worcester, and Nicholas Ridley, the Edwardian Bishop of London. Richard Smith ("Smith.") preaches at a portable pulpit from I Corinthians 13:3 ("Si corp[us] meu[m] tradam igni caritate[m] aute[m] non habea[m] nihil vtilitatis &c." ["If I should surrender my body to the fire and have not charity, however, nothing of usefulness, etc"]). "Ridley" ("In man[us] tuas domine" [In your hand, O Lord]) and "Latimer" ("Father of heue[n] receue my soule" ["Father of heaven, receive my soul"]) stand back to back, chained against a stake, while workers prepare to light the pyre that will consume them. Latimer gestures toward a large crowd of civilians, who are restrained by soldiers, and Ridley motions toward the priest who stands before him and the richly dressed individuals who are seated beyond. One of these ("L. Willia[m]s." ["L[ord] Williams"]) reads from a scroll ("M. Ridley I wil remember your suite." ["M[aster] Ridley, I will remember your suit"]), while others, including Thomas Cranmer, the recently deprived Archbishop of Canterbury ("Cranmar.") ("O Lord strengthen them"), watch from above. The execution occurs outside Oxford. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/38, 11223/81. JPEG file (2.57 MB).
  • Gm80j239x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The description of the burning of Iohn [John] Hus, contrary to the safe conduct granted unto him.” John Hus stands chained to a stake surrounded by stacked bundles of straw. According to the text surrounding the image, Hus’ hat is called a “Crown of Paper” and is being used to commit his soul unto the Devil. Three men on horses and others on foot flank Hus while one man lights the fire. One of the men on horseback offers him the safe-conduct paper that had been promised him if he would return to the Council of Constance (1415). The engraving is a revised and slightly reduced-in-scope design of the woodcut that appears in all early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). In the woodcut design, Hus appears to be chained to a stone wall rather than a stake. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/8 and 11223/10. JPEG file (422 KB).
  • Vh53x228k?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Wearing a hat illustrated with devils, Hus stands chained against a stone building. Faggots surround him. A worker lights the bundles at Hus's feet, and soldiers and a priest sit nearby on horseback. One soldier sarcastically offers Hus the safe-conduct paper that he had been promised by Sigismund, the Holy Roman Emperor, who did not prevent his execution at the Council of Constance, in 1415. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/8, 11223/10. JPEG file (1.01 MB).
  • 0p096d888?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Bishop Nicholas Ridley (“Ridley”) of London and Bishop Hugh Latimer (“Latimer”) of Worcester are tied, back-to-back, to a stake outside of Oxford. Ridley ("In manus tuas domine [In your hand, Oh Lord]"), stands facing to the left of the image with his arms outstretched to the crowd. Latimer ("Father of Heaven, receive my soul") stands facing the right of the image with his arms outstretched as well. The two men are surrounded by a very large crowd, and a richly dressed priest, ("D. Smith,") stands at a pulpit at the top of the image and quotes the biblical passage from I Corinthians 13:3: "Si corpus meum tradam igni caritatem autem non habeaum nihil vtilitatis &c. [If I should surrender my body to the fire and have not charity, however, nothing of usefulness, etc]". A very large crowd surrounds the burning of Ridley and Latimer, including a group of richly dressed men to the left of the image. One of these men, ("L. Wilhas,") motions toward Ridley and says, "Master Ridley, I will remember your suit." Thomas Cranmer [“Cranmer"] watches the execution from above, saying, "O Lord, strengthen them." Soldiers arrange the faggots and prepare for the burning. Unlike earlier editions, this engraving is no longer tipped-in. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/38 and 11223/81, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (459 KB).