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  • 0c483q471?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library
    Description: Inserted at the end of the concluding pamphlet in a collection of thirteen treatises published under the title, A Preservative against Unsettled Notions in Religion. Bristol: E. Farley, 1758. This insertion, along with a few corrections in the text, are Charles' emendations preparatory to a separate publication of the pamphlet in 1760 (two editions), which also included seven new hymns by Charles. Although the only other publication of the Preservative collection (1770) did not include these changes, two subsequent editions of the Reasons, including the alterations, appeared after that: in John Wesley's collected Works (vol. 23, 1773) and a separate edition (1785). In the latter two editions, one word of Charles's poetry was amended, apparently by John, but Charles's other changes and additions were kept. JPG file (493 KB).
  • Gm80j250x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Laurence Saunders, fully clothed with hands clasped as in prayer, is tied to the stake at Coventry. Saunders is facing the left of the image. The executioner nails the chain to the stake while Saunders proclaims: “Welcome life." He is surrounded by a rowdy crowd of soldiers and civilians, a few of whom appear to be arguing with each other at the right hand side of the image. A richly dressed man in a fur-lined coat sits atop a horse and appears to be supervising the burning. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/24 and 11223/60, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583); in the woodcut illustrations, Saunders is facing the right of the image and, in the OSU Libraries’ copy, the banderole from his mouth says: “"o lord resi[e]ve my soule [O lord receive my soul]." JPEG file (35.1 KB)
  • Pg15bm49b?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Leading a prison Bible study, Smith sits on a stool and places his right hand on an open Bible. A man behind Smith folds his hands in prayer, while Smith instructs four others who share the cell with him. Among his audience, one holds an open Bible and one carries a Bible in his left hand. A fifth man leans his head on his hand. Mirror-reversed xylographic type identifies four of the individuals in this image: "R. Smith."; "I. Newman." ["J. Newman"]; "Simson."; and "Tankerf. G." ["George Tankerf[ield]."]. The carver of this woodblock worked directly from the layout of his model rather than in mirror image, which has resulted in the mirror reversal of the finished illustration. Martyrological verse, written in a clean, early modern italic hand, appears below the woodcut in the OSU copy of the 1563 edition (pictured here). This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/35, 11223/76. JPEG file (1.44 MB).
  • 70795f34k?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: In anticipation of martyrdom, Saunders stands among faggots and raises his arms upward. An executioner nails Saunders's chain to the stake, and a richly dressed man supervises the execution from horseback. Protesting civilians and others join a group of soldiers in observing the execution. A soldier pushes one protester back, while another prepares the pyre. The OSU copy of the 1563 version of the illustration (pictured here) contains the manuscript inscription, "o lord resi[e]ve my soule" ["O lord receive my soul]," written in the blank banderole extending from Saunders' mouth. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/24, 11223/60. JPEG file (956 KB).
  • 6q182s11g?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An executioner lowers Gardiner by chain from a gallows into a blaze. A crowd of soldiers and civilians observes, and a friar and a priest on horseback jeer. The stumps of Gardiner's bleeding wrists indicate that his hands have been cut off. According to Foxe, the execution occurs in Lisbon at the hands of Spaniards. The OSU copy of the 1563 version of the illustration (pictured here) contains the manuscript inscription, "I Suffer for the Truth," written in the blank banderole extending from Gardiner's mouth. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/22, 11223/58. JPEG file (981 KB).
  • 73666b37n?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “A Picture describing the manner and place of them which were in bonds for the Testimony of the truth, conferring among themselves.” Robert Smith [“R. Smith”] sits at a table in a prison cell and converses with six other prisoners; he has an open book (presumably a Bible) in front of him. Two other seated men also hold books: “Tankerfield” holds an open book with both hands and “Iohn [John] Newman” holds a closed book in his right hand. Another man wearing a large robe and a cap, “Simson," gestures toward Smith. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/35 and 11223/76, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (487 KB).