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  • Pz50h3388?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Emperor Henry VI kneels before Pope Celestine III, who crowns the emperor with his foot. Cardinals, bishops, monks, and others observe. The pope carries the keys of his office in his left hand. The title of this image inaccurately identifies the pope as Celestine IV, who died in 1241, just fifteen days after becoming pope. Celestine III reigned from 1191-98 and crowned Emperor Henry VI, whose reign spanned the same dates. This woodcut is the fifth in the "Proud Primacy of Popes" series and appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/28. JPEG file (4.32 MB).
  • Xs55mj51m?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: As Burton sits backward on an ass, soldiers lead him through a town and a friar gestures at him. Burton wears garments that are decorated with devils. He burns at the stake in an upper insert, where soldiers supervise the execution and a crowd observes. Burton receives martyrdom at the hands of Spaniards. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/53, 11223/104. JPEG file (1.03 MB).
  • K0698f67w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "The manner of the popish Spaniards in carrying Nicholas Burton a blessed martyr of Christ, after most spitefull sort to the burning" Nicholas Burton sits backward on an ass and is wearing garments that depict devils. He also wears a hat that is similar to a bishop’s which is also decorated with Satanic figures. According to the text surrounding the image, Burton is wearing a "Canvas coat and hat decorated with three Divels [Devils] that are used to commit his sould [soul] unto the Devil." The text also indicates that Burton’s tongue was forced out with a cloven stick fastened upon it so he could not utter his conscience and faith to the people. The ass is led by a group of soldiers who are identified as “Popish Spaniards” in the caption. A friar follows Burton and appears to be gesturing toward him and possibly having a conversation with the condemned martyr. In the upper right hand corner of the image is a depiction of the burning of Burton while a crowd of soldiers observes. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/53 and 11223/104, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). JPEG file (497 KB).
  • Bg257m403?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A crowned Emperor Frederick Barbarossa receives a rebuke from Pope Adrian IV for mishandling the papal stirrup. Adrian rides a richly caparisoned horse and carries the keys of his office in his left hand as he delivers the rebuke. Cardinals carry an awning over the pope, bishops and friars observe, and others kneel in submission. This woodcut is the tenth in the "Proud Primacy of Popes" series and appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/32. JPEG file (4.44 MB).