Skip to Content

Search Results

Search Constraints

Filtering by: Subject Executions and executioners Remove constraint Subject: Executions and executioners Time period sim 1550-1560 Remove constraint Time period sim: 1550-1560
Number of results to display per page

Search Results

  • Rj430b207?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: As Margery Polley burns, she gazes upward and crosses her arms at her chest. She is fully clothed. The martyrdom occurs at Tonbridge. This woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/73. JPEG file (4.06 MB).
  • Xs55mj51m?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: As Burton sits backward on an ass, soldiers lead him through a town and a friar gestures at him. Burton wears garments that are decorated with devils. He burns at the stake in an upper insert, where soldiers supervise the execution and a crowd observes. Burton receives martyrdom at the hands of Spaniards. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/53, 11223/104. JPEG file (1.03 MB).
  • 0p096d68s?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Even though this image contains six martyrs, Foxe uses it to illustrate the 1557 burning of ten martyrs at Lewes. The six martyrs, both women and men, burn at three stakes. Four of them fold their hands in prayer. A fifth, at the rear, raises his arms above his head, and a sixth, at the far left, points upward with his right arm and extends his left. Even though the design of this woodcut is similar to other woodcuts that undergo repetition in the Book of Martyrs, this woodcut appears only once in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/97. JPEG file (4.01 MB).
  • 8049gb789?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Flames engulf Haukes ("O Lord, Receiue my spirite." ["O Lord, receive my spirit"]), who burns outside Coxehall in Essex. Haukes raises his arms above his head and gazes upward as he slumps against his chain. A man on horseback supervises the execution, and a crowd of soldiers and alarmed civilians observes. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/31, 11223/69. JPEG file (1.05 MB).
  • 4j03d512j?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Cardmaker ("I. Cardmaker." ["J. Cardmaker"]) stands barefoot before piles of faggots and addresses two richly dressed men on horseback. Chained to a stake among faggots, Warne ("Bevvare of idolatry" ["Beware of idolatry"]) addresses civilians and soldiers, who gesture in return. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/30, 11223/68. JPEG file (980 KB).
  • W6634934q?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "The patient Martyrdome of a poore woman at Exeter, being one Prests wife." A woman, identified as Prest’s wife (“God be Mercifull [Merciful] to me a Sinner”) stands fully clothed and chained to the stake. She has her arms raised as if she is gesturing while speaking to the crowd that surrounds her. A crowd of soldiers observes. Heavily revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/103, which appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (534 KB).
  • 2j62sb60j?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Alexander [Sander] Gouch and Driver’s wife [Alice Driver] stand naked and chained back-to-back while they burn at the stake. Driver’s wife faces the left of the image and has her arms extended to the crowd before her. Alexander Gouch faces the right of the image and has his left hand raised and his pointer finger extended and his right arm extended toward the soldier before him. A crowd of soldiers observes. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/49 and 11223/98, which appear in the first (1563), second (1570), and fourth (1576) early English editions. JPEG file (529 KB).
  • 8s45qg90n?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Bradford ["Repent England]" and an apprentice, John Lease ("Jesus receive us)," stand chained to a stake in the midst of a large fire while a black cloud of smoke hovers above them. A crowd of soldiers, a few of whom tend the fire, surround them. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/34 and 11223/72, which appear in all four of the early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (431 KB).
  • 8g84mt515?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: The martyrdom of three women and an infant at the Isle of Garnsey. The caption of the image indicates that this martyrdom took place on July 18th, 1556. All three women are naked and chained to the stake while an infant emerges from the womb of the woman in the middle. All three women have their arms outstretched and are engulfed by the flames beneath them. They are surrounded by a group of soldiers, several of whom tend to the fire. According the text that surrounds the image, the infant initially was thrown out of the fire only to be cast back in once it hit the ground. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/46 and 11223/93, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (503 KB).
  • H702qc54g?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Apprice, who is blind, and the lame Hugh Laverocke are martyred at Stratford the Bowe, near London. Both Apprice and Laverocke are chained to the stake and are surrounded by faggots and flames. Laverocke holds two crutches in his hands while Apprice has his eyes closed and his hands outstretched toward the crowd surrounding them. Both men are fully clothed and are surrounded by a fairly large group of ambivalent soldiers. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/90 and appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (541 KB).
  • 47429g50z?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Three women-- Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thackvel, and Joan Horns, are burned at the stake. All three women are fully clothed and have their hands clasped in prayer. The execution takes place at Smithfield and the women are surrounded by a group of soldiers, several of whom are on horseback. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/91, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (535 KB).
  • Gm80j250x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Laurence Saunders, fully clothed with hands clasped as in prayer, is tied to the stake at Coventry. Saunders is facing the left of the image. The executioner nails the chain to the stake while Saunders proclaims: “Welcome life." He is surrounded by a rowdy crowd of soldiers and civilians, a few of whom appear to be arguing with each other at the right hand side of the image. A richly dressed man in a fur-lined coat sits atop a horse and appears to be supervising the burning. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/24 and 11223/60, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583); in the woodcut illustrations, Saunders is facing the right of the image and, in the OSU Libraries’ copy, the banderole from his mouth says: “"o lord resi[e]ve my soule [O lord receive my soul]." JPEG file (35.1 KB)
  • 6395wd52r?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An elderly woman, whom Foxe identifies as "Prest's wife," burns at the stake. She gazes upward and extends her hands outward in prayer. The martyrdom occurs near Exeter. This woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/103. JPEG file (3.96 MB).
  • Ns064c59q?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: In anticipation of his execution, Philpot (identified xylographically as "Filpot") ("I will pay my vowes in thee, O Smithfield" ["I will pay my vows in thee, O Smithfield"]) kneels before a stake and faggots. A crowd of soldiers, priests, and civilians observes, some of whom clasp their hands in prayer. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/41, 11223/84. JPEG file (1.02 MB).
  • Cz30q050f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An unclothed man and woman burn back to back at a stake. This woodcut appears in the first (1563) and second (1570) editions to illustrate the burning of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper at Norwich. It appears in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver at Ipswich. It does not appear in the third edition (1576). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/49, 11223/98. JPEG file (593 KB).
  • 3r0751867?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Chained and consumed by flames, Rogers ("Lord receiue my spirite." ["Lord receive my spirit."]) points directly at a richly dressed man, who supervises the execution from horseback. Another man lights the fire, and a watching priest applauds. Protesters surround the execution scene and join a large crowd of spectators. Rogers was the first English Protestant to be burned for heresy during the reign of Queen Mary I (1553-58). During the 1530s, he adopted the pseudonym of "Thomas Matthew" in his editions of the English Bible in order to disguise his identity. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/23, 11223/59. JPEG file (1.07 MB).
  • 70795f34k?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: In anticipation of martyrdom, Saunders stands among faggots and raises his arms upward. An executioner nails Saunders's chain to the stake, and a richly dressed man supervises the execution from horseback. Protesting civilians and others join a group of soldiers in observing the execution. A soldier pushes one protester back, while another prepares the pyre. The OSU copy of the 1563 version of the illustration (pictured here) contains the manuscript inscription, "o lord resi[e]ve my soule" ["O lord receive my soul]," written in the blank banderole extending from Saunders' mouth. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/24, 11223/60. JPEG file (956 KB).
  • H702qc536?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Seven Coventry martyrs—two women and five men--are chained to three stakes and burned. Some of them extend their arms upward, others clasp their hands in prayer, and one crosses her hands over her chest. They appear to be elevated above the large crowd of civilians and soldiers that stand below them. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223,42, which appears in the second, third, and fourth early English editions (1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (441 KB).
  • 6m311v94h?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester, burning at the stake. The caption of the image indicates that this martyrdom took place on February 9, 1555. In this illustration, Hooper stands naked, wrapped only in a loincloth and tied to the stake by a band around his waist. With his right hand draped across his chest he cries, "Lord Iesus [Jesus] receive my Soule [Soul]." Hooper is surrounded by several civilians, both men and women, who are weeping and pleading for his life, and by soldiers who are administering the martyrdom and an official on a horse who is supervising. A dark cloud hovers above Hooper while the flames rage at his feet. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/25 and 11223/61, which appear in all four of the early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (35.9 KB).
  • 4m90f233h?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: George Marsh, barefoot, stands chained to a stake beneath a barrel of hot tar while a man lights the bundles of faggots piled around him. He holds an open book, presumably a Bible, while declaring "Not upon y [the] Condition." Marsh is surrounded by a large group of soldiers; a man on horseback holds out a paper. According to the text that surrounds the image, the horseman is the Deputy Chamberlain of Chester, who carries with him a “Writing under a Great Seal” that is being offered to Marsh as a pardon if he would recant. Marsh, however, rejects the pardon. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/66, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (434 KB).
  • 2v23w1509?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: William Flower, fully clothed and with hands upraised, stands at a stake where he is chained at the waist. His left hand has been cut off and blood gushes from its stump. Flower declares, "Lord receive my Spirit," while soldiers pile bundles of faggots around him. The caption of the image indicates that this martyrdom took place on April 24th, 1555. Heavily revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/29 and 11223/67, which appear in all four of the early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (450 KB).
  • 9c67wt801?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Warne, upholsterer, stands chained at the waist to a stake which has been surrounded with bundles of faggots. Arms extended, he addresses the crowd: "Bewar[e] of Idolatry." John Cardmaker [Mr. Cardmaker], on the other hand, appears to be conversing with a richly dressed men on a horse. The caption of the image indicates that this martyrdom took place on May 30th, 1555. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/30 and 11223/68, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (433 KB).
  • Xg94hw46z?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The burning of Dr. Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, in y [the] Towne ditch at Oxford, with his hand first thrust into y [the] fire, wherewith he subscribed before.” Cranmer is fully clothed and chained to the stake. The execution takes placed outside of Oxford. Cranmer, ("Lord receive my Spirit") has both arms outstretched and has his right hand placed in the fire that engulfs him. Cranmer is surrounded by a large group of onlookers that mostly consists of soldiers. Several of the soldiers tend to the fire and adjust the faggots below Cranmer. In the foreground of the image is a man who appears to be a civilian and has his arms outstretched toward Cranmer. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/44 and 11223/88, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (519 KB).
  • 1g05fj94h?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Thomas Haukes, bare-chested and with arms raised above his head (possibly grasping the stake or clasped together in prayer), burns at the stake at Coxehall in Essex. As he is engulfed in flames he cries "Lord receive my Spirit." He is surrounded by a rowdy crowd of soldiers on foot and on horseback. A black cloud hovers above Haukes. The caption of the image indicates that this martyrdom took place on June 10th, 1555. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/31 and 11223/69, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (412 KB).
  • 2v23w1488?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Doctor Rowland Taylor, clothed in a robe and with hands raised and outstretched as in blessing, is burned at the stake at Hadley “for Testimony of the Gospell [Gospel]” on February 9, 1555. As flames engulf him and a dark cloud of smoke hovers above him, he says, “Mercifull [Merciful] father for Iesus [Jesus] sake receive my soule [soul].” A crowd of soldiers and civilians observes—some on foot and others on horseback. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/26 and 11223/62, which appear in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). JPEG file (357 KB).
  • Bk128h53d?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Margery Polley, fully clothed with hands upraised and tears streaming down her face, stands chained to the stake at Tonbridge. While the flames engulf her and a large black cloud of smoke hovers above her, a crowd of soldiers surrounds her and watches her burn. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/73 which appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. In the earlier woodcut editions, Polley's arms are folded across her chest rather than extended upward. JPEG file (52.7 KB).
  • Df65vf32w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Following his arrest, Thomas Cranmer ("L. Receiue my spirit" ["Lord receive my spirit"]) burns at the stake outside Oxford. Cranmer punishes his right hand in the fire because it had signed a statement that recanted his Protestant belief prior to his execution. A friar (identified xylographically as "Frier Iohn" ["Friar John"]) gestures at the worker who lights the pyre. A crowd of soldiers and civilians joins three richly dressed figures, seated at the right of the image, in observing the execution. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/44, 11223/88. JPEG file (1.03 MB).
  • R207tw11w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Surrounded by faggots, eleven martyrs stand back to back against three stakes. Two women stand untied among them. Some martyrs gesture in prayer, and others extend their arms outward from their bodies. Workers prepare the pyre, and a soldier attempts to keep an active crowd, some of whom observe from behind a ledge, at bay. A man on horseback supervises the execution, which transpires at Stratford the Bowe near London. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/45, 11223/92. JPEG file (995 KB).
  • 8c97kx063?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Standing back to back among faggots, Bradford ("Repent England") and Lease ("Iesus receiue us." ["Jesus receive us"]) await martyrdom. While workers prepare additional faggots, a crowd of soldiers and supervisors encircles the pyre. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/34, 11223/72. JPEG file (990 KB).
  • 73666b353?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Cranmer stands in a fire on a small platform. He thrusts his right hand into the blaze in order to punish the hand that temporarily recanted his Protestant belief prior to his execution. A worker tends the fire on Cranmer's left, while a crowd of soldiers and others observes from a distance. Cranmer's execution occurs outside Oxford. This woodcut appears only in the 1559 Latin edition. No Luborsky and Ingram #. JPEG file (2.26 MB).
  • S7526k23x?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: While executioners prod him from either side, Lambert ("None but Christ, none but Christ") burns at the stake. A richly dressed man supervises the execution from horseback, and alarmed observers and others stand by. Lambert perishes following his conviction on charges that he denied the real presence of Christ in the eucharist. King Henry VIII himself presided over Lambert's trial, which produced embarrassment among Protestants who wanted to claim King Henry as a champion for the Protestant faith. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/19, 11223/50. JPEG file (1.02 MB).
  • Ww72bj338?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Flesh melts away from the nearly consumed Hooper ("Lord Iesu receiue my soul" ["Lord Jesus receive my soul"]), who burns in flames. A worker tends the fire, and a richly dressed man supervises the execution from horseback. A semicircle of soldiers and civilians surrounds the scene. Among these observers, a woman weeps and a man crosses his hands over his chest. The skeletal remains of Hooper's limbs are visible in the fire. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/25, 11223/61. JPEG file (1.09 MB).
  • Dj52wb78r?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: As Laverocke and Apprice burn, the blind Apprice holds his hands out before him, and the lame Laverocke grasps a crutch in each hand. Both martyrs are clothed. The martyrdom occurs at Stratford the Bowe near London. This woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/90. JPEG file (3.82 MB).
  • Dn39x731c?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: This full-page woodcut insert depicts the execution of Hugh Latimer, the former Bishop of Worcester, and Nicholas Ridley, the Edwardian Bishop of London. Richard Smith ("Smith.") preaches at a portable pulpit from I Corinthians 13:3 ("Si corp[us] meu[m] tradam igni caritate[m] aute[m] non habea[m] nihil vtilitatis &c." ["If I should surrender my body to the fire and have not charity, however, nothing of usefulness, etc"]). "Ridley" ("In man[us] tuas domine" [In your hand, O Lord]) and "Latimer" ("Father of heue[n] receue my soule" ["Father of heaven, receive my soul"]) stand back to back, chained against a stake, while workers prepare to light the pyre that will consume them. Latimer gestures toward a large crowd of civilians, who are restrained by soldiers, and Ridley motions toward the priest who stands before him and the richly dressed individuals who are seated beyond. One of these ("L. Willia[m]s." ["L[ord] Williams"]) reads from a scroll ("M. Ridley I wil remember your suite." ["M[aster] Ridley, I will remember your suit"]), while others, including Thomas Cranmer, the recently deprived Archbishop of Canterbury ("Cranmar.") ("O Lord strengthen them"), watch from above. The execution occurs outside Oxford. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/38, 11223/81. JPEG file (2.57 MB).
  • 8k71nq041?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: As they burn, the central martyr folds her hands at her chest in prayer, and the other martyrs extend their hands outward in prayer. All three martyrs are clothed. The martyrdom occurs at Smithfield. This woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/91. JPEG file (3.81 MB).
  • J3860d73d?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Ten martyrs (six men and four women) are chained to five separate stakes. All of the martyrs are fully clothed and are engulfed by large flames. Three men and two women have their hands clasped in prayer. A crowd of soldiers observes the burning; two soldiers at the far left of the image are on horseback. A soldier at the forefront of the image tends the fire and adds a faggot to the burning pyre. Another man, at the bottom right of the image, does not appear to be a soldier but is perhaps a citizen sympathetic to the martyrs. This man appears to be pleading with the soldier tending the fire. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/97, which appears only once in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. This illustration includes ten martyrs while the earlier woodcuts only illustrate six. Additionally, the earlier woodcuts do not include a crowd of soldiers. JPEG file (427 KB).
  • 05741z44n?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: John Denley, fully clothed and chained to the stake, leans forward with arms extended toward a solider who is about to throw a bundle of faggots into the fire. Four other soldiers stand nearby and appear to be in conversation with each other rather than watching Denley's burning. Four ecclesiastical commissioners stand in the foreground of the image and appear to be administering this martyrdom and also instructing the soldier to throw the bundle of faggots. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/74, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (521 KB).
  • T722hg539?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Dirick Carver stands fully clothed and tied to a stake by a chain around his waist. His arms are extended and he has an expression of despair on his face. He is surrounded by a crowd of soldiers; two soldiers in the foreground of the image tend the fire that engulfs Dirick and creates a large dark cloud of smoke above his head. In earlier editions this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/19, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. This, however, is a completely new design, although it has similar features to "The martyrdom of Kerby." JPEG file (457 KB).
  • 9s161c849?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Thomas Iveson, a thin and balding man, stands fully clothed and chained to the stake. His arms are raised above his head. He is surrounded by a scattered group of soldiers, some of whom are on foot and others on horseback. This engraving illustrates a new martyrdom that is not illustrated in any of the early English editions. JPEG file (56.9 KB).
  • Mg74qt063?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Anne Albright, Joane Catmer, John Lomas, Agnes Snoth, and Joane Sole are chained together to two stakes at Canterbury. They are surrounded by faggots and engulfed by very large flames. A small man in the foreground of the image is tending the pyre while a large crowd gathers around the burning martyrs. Several men on horses appear to the right of the image while the man standing to the left of the image appears to be administering the martyrdom. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/86, which appears in each of the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (547 KB).
  • 1544bv94h?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: This tipped-in fold-out illustrates five separate scenes that took place at Windsor Castle. A cartouche spanning the top of the foldout states: "The description of Windsor Castle. The condemning of Anthony Person, Marbecke, Testwood, and Filmer; with y [the] burning of the said Person Testwood, and Filmer, under the Castle of Windsor, here lively described. Marbecke saved by the Kings [King's] Pardon." Images of the Royal Arms flank this title and above it is a directive to the printer to “Place this between Fol. 468 and 469 in the 2d Volume.” Below the heading is a panoramic view of the castle itself which includes a scene in the far left in which a boy sits in a tree and observes the burning of three men. A scene in the lower left-hand corner has the heading: "Anthony Person, Marbecke, Testwood and Filmer, condemned by Doctor Capon, Bishop of Sarnum: Facel giving judgment." The heading for the scene in the lower center states: "D. London and Simons riding about the Market place with papers on their heads, for perjury, and secret practising [practicing] against certaine [certain] of the privy Chamber." And in the lower right-hand scene: "Robert Ockam standing in the Pillory in the Towne of Newberry, where he was borne for the licke offence [like offense]." Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11224/4, which appears in the third (1576) and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (1.54 MB).
  • Qb98mn00g?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Hooper stands on a platform that is engulfed in flames. A worker tends the fire and gazes at Hooper, who folds his hands in prayer at the stake. A group of soldiers and others observes from a distance. This woodcut appears only in the 1559 Latin edition. No Luborsky and Ingram #. JPEG file (1.35 MB).
  • 79408414t?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Albright, Catmer, Lomas, Snoth, and Sole (all clothed) burn at two stakes. Lomas and two of the women fold their hands before them in prayer. One of the women raises her hand above her head. The martyrdom occurs at Canterbury. Even though the design of this woodcut is similar to other woodcuts that undergo repetition in the Book of Martyrs, this woodcut appears only once in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/86. JPEG file (3.83 MB).
  • 0p096d845?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Surrounded by freshly lit faggots, Flower ("Lord receiue my spirite." ["Lord receive my spirit."]) stands against a stake and raises his arms upward. Workers add new faggots to the pyre. Flower's right hand has been cut off and impaled on a spear, and his wrist bleeds at its stump. A man on horseback supervises the execution, and a crowd of soldiers and ecclesiastical officials observes. A priest on the far left raises his hand towards Flower. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/29, 11223/67. JPEG file (1.07 MB).
  • K930c349g?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Taylor ("Mercifull father for Jesus sake, receiue my soule." ["Merciful father for Jesus sake, receive my soul"]) stands among faggots and extends his arms outward. Observing spectators and soldiers anticipate Taylor's execution. Two supervisors direct the preparations from horseback. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/26, 11223/62. JPEG file (1.13 MB).
  • 8336h785z?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The burning of Master John Rogers, Vicar of St. Purchers, and Reader of St. Paul’s in London.” Rogers, fully clothed and with hands raised to the sky, stands chained to the stake amidst an extremely large fire and dark clouds of smoke. A banderole protruding from his mouth contains the statement: "Lord receive my Spirit." Rogers is surrounded by a crowd of soldiers and civilians both on foot and on horseback. Five people in the foreground of the image kneel before Rogers with their arms outstretched in sympathy. The officer on horseback on the right side of the illustration appears to be supervising Rogers’ burning. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/23 and 11223/59, which appear in all four of the early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (379 KB).
  • J3860d86g?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “Seven Godly and constant Martyrs, suffering at one fire together in Smithfield.” Encircled by bundles of faggots, the seven martyrs, including at least one woman, stand back-to-back and chained to three stakes. Each of the martyrs is fully clothed and is identified as (from the top, clockwise): “B. Green,” "Whittle," "Went," "Isab," "Foster," "I. Warne," and "T. Brown.” A richly dressed man sits atop a horse at the right of the image and appears to be administering the execution. A group of observers consisting of both soldiers and civilians surrounds the pyre. Unlike earlier woodcut editions of this illustration, the names of the martyrs are included. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11222/42 and 11223/85, which appear in all four early English editions (1563, 1570, 1576, 1583). JPEG file (541 KB).
  • Sx61dt07c?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Flames engulf three unclothed women, who burn at the stake in this pathetic scene. An infant emerges from the womb of the central woman, and she spreads her arms in helplessness. A cleric directs the worker tending the fire, and a crowd of soldiers and other officials observes the execution. These attendants cast the infant back to the flames immediately after it reaches the ground. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/46, 11223/93. JPEG file (1.02 MB).
  • 8336h8014?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Surrounded by faggots, seven figures stand back to back and against three stakes. The central man is bound at the waist, and the man on his left extends his arm upward. As men on horseback direct the execution from either side, a worker prepares additional faggots and a crowd of soldiers observes. The blank spaces near the martyrs allow for the insertion of drop-in type into the woodblock, but this type was not employed. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/42, 11223/85. JPEG file (1.11 MB).
  • Jq085r952?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Observed by a crowd of soldiers, John Denley suffers martyrdom. As Denley raises his arms upward and sings a Psalm, Dr. John Story (xylographically identified as "D. Stori"), an ecclesiastical commissioner under Queen Mary, orders a worker to hurl a faggot at the martyr. According to Foxe, Denley ceases to sing after he receives the blow, and Story remarks, "Truly, thou hast marred a good old song." Denley is fully clothed. The martyrdom occurs at Uxbridge. This woodcut appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/74. JPEG file (3.79 MB).