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Filtering by: Place Italy--Rome Remove constraint Place: Italy--Rome Subject Martyrdom Remove constraint Subject: Martyrdom Subject Executions and executioners Remove constraint Subject: Executions and executioners
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  • 8s45qg75j?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An enthroned emperor observes the suffering and martyrdom of Christian bishops. The emperor holds a sword, which symbolizes his authority, and soldiers attend him. The woodcut contains six scenes of torture: flames engulf a martyr (upper left); lions devour a naked man (upper center); two workers crucify a man upside-down (upper right) (see "St. Peter undergoes crucifixion upside-down" in this collection); two guards flog a man, who is dressed in loincloth, tied to a stake, and bleeding (right foreground); a torturer stands on and drills out the eye of a bound bishop (center foreground) (see "Martyrs suffer branding and the removal of their eyes" in this collection); and a man kneels, about to be beheaded (center). Beginning with the second edition (1570), this woodcut and the eleven that follow it comprise an appendix to volume one of the work, under the title "The Proud Primacy of Popes." This appendix details the alleged decline of relations between Christian monarchs and the papacy during the medieval period, a decline which Foxe traces from its beginning at the time of the primitive Church. The damage to the OSU copy of this illustration (pictured here) results from a reader having defaced the woodcut that appears on the verso side of the next leaf. The "Proud Primacy" series appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/24. JPEG file (4.72 MB).
  • Dz010w880?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Lawrence ("This side is now rosted inough,turne up O tyrant great. &c. 72." ["This side is now roasted enough, turn up (i.e., over) o tyrant great, etc. 72."]) lies naked on his left side on a grid iron. A man operates a bellows that fuels the flames. Lawrence raises his right arm above his head, and another man places an additional log on the fire. Soldiers and an emperor observe. (Cartouche: "Laurence layd upon the Gridyron, by Galienus, or Decius. 72." ["Laurence laid upon the grid iron by Galienus or Decius. 72."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (1.26 MB). and "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection).
  • 794084196?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A balding, bearded man burns at the stake. He faces toward the left of the image and clasps his hands in prayer. This woodcut appears nine times in the second edition (1570) to illustrate the burning of Tho. Rhedonensis (at Rome) (sig. Yy6r, p. 791); Richard Wyche priest (sig. DD1v, p. 830); John Stilman (sig. BBb4r, p. 941); Tho. Benet (sig. YYy5v, p. 1184); Kerby (sig. TTT5r, p. 1411); Walter Mill (sig. ZZZ2r, p. 1453); M. Farrar (at Carmarthen) (sig. XXXx1v, p. 1724); Diricke Carver (sig. KKKK4v, p. 1861); and Richard Yeoman (sig. UUUUu4r, p. 2245). This woodcut first appears in John Day's edition of R. González de Montes, De heylighe Spaensche inquisitie (1569). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/19, 12000/1. JPEG file (3.75 MB).
  • Jh344072c?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: A balding, bearded man burns at the stake. He faces toward the left of the image and clasps his hands in prayer. This woodcut appears nine times in the third edition (1576) to illustrate the burning of Thomas Rhedonensis (at Rome) (sig. KK5r, p. 645); Richard Wiche priest (sig. NN2v, p. 676); John Stilman (sig. BBb3r, p. 789); Thomas Hytten (sig. RRr4r, p. 971); James Baynham (sig. UUu1v [top], p. 1002); Thomas Benet (at Exeter) (sig. UUu6v, p. 1012); Walter Mille (sig. RRR6r, p. 1239); Robert Farrar bishop (at Carmarthen) (sig. SSSs6v, p. 1472); and Diricke Carver (at Lewes) (sig. GGGG1v, p. 1594). This woodcut first appears in John Day's edition of R. González de Montes, De heylighe Spaensche inquisitie (1569). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/19, 12000/1. JPEG file (3.75 MB).
  • 1c18dn74s?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection). and Four martyrs sit back to back in a vat of hot oil, two of them gazing upward in prayer. A soldier pours a ladle of heated oil over the martyrs, and a second soldier pumps a bellows beneath the vat. A turbaned emperor speaks to a richly dressed man at his left, while a group of soldiers and others observes (one of whom gazes upward). (Cartouche: "Christians put in a vessellofboylyngoyle. 36." ["Christians put in a vessel of boiling oil. 36."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (1.32 MB).
  • Mw22vc463?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Thomas Benet, fully clothed and with a cap on his head, stands chained to a stake which is elevated above the crowd of civilians and soldiers. One of the men in front of him is pointing a long smoldering taper toward his face; Benet seems to be blowing on the taper, causing a cloud of smoke. In earlier editions this martyrdom is illustrated by Luborsky and Ingram 11223/19, which appears in the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) early English editions. However, only in the second early English edition is this woodcut used to depict Benet specifically. Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/14, but differs from the revision used to illustrate "The burning of John Castellane." JPEG file (398 KB).