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Filtering by: Language Ancient Greek (to 1453) Remove constraint Language: Ancient Greek (to 1453)
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  • 2514nt33v?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Orthodox Eastern Church
    Date: 18xx
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 28 lines (14 text and 14 musical notations, interlinear).;Script: Written in a small, regular, careful minuscule in black ink; interlinear musical notations also in black ink. Headings and suppletions in a red ink.;Decoration: Ornamental intials and ornamental penwork in red.;Music: Contains musical notation.;Title cataloged from existing description.;12 complete chants related to the resurrection, in the setting by Petros Peloponnesios, transcribed by Gregorios Protopsaltes into Chrysantine notion. This manuscript is among the earliest examples of modern Greek church musical notation, developed by Chrysanthos of Madytos.;Binding: Original binding of brown goatskin with blind-stamped borders.
  • 3x816t84z?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Orthodox Eastern Church and Basil, Saint, Bishop of Caesarea, approximately 329-379
    Date: 14xx
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 15 lines.;Script: Swift, short hand in black ink, leaning to the right, although beta and epsilon tend to lean to the left. Frequent ligatures and flourishes. Uncial gamma, delta and nu are regularly interspersed with the minuscules.;Decoration: Colored initials in deep purplish blue, dark olive green, and deep reddish orange. Frequent flourishes and ornamentation of zig-zagging lines filled with hatch marks, sometimes with red or green added between the hatches. Three ornamental headpieces: fol. 4r: headpiece of interlace pattern formed by two serpents whose tails appear to emerge from the top and bottom at the fore edge side and whose heads emerge from the top and bottom of the gutter edge; fol. 33r: ornamental pi-headpiece of interlace strapwork with a cross filled with twisted ornament at the center of the top--and finials of serpent heads and tails; fol. 64r: ornamental bar headpiece in black strapwork with an elaborate florate ornament at the center at the head.;Title cataloged from existing description.;The manuscript contains non-scribal colophons by Philip the Breton (?), dated 1793 and non-scribal notations, mostly quotations from the liturgy.;Binding: Contemporary binding of wooden boards covered in pieced cloth of red, blue, and green, with two clasps of leather (only the one at the head remains) originally fastening onto fore edge pins in the upper cover which are present. Five bosses on each cover--one in each corner and one in the center. The bosses of a reddish brown metal alloy, apparently cast, are decorated in low relief with interlacing tendrils and leaves. Supplied with two cord markers.
  • Pz50h4091?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Orthodox Eastern Church and Basil, Saint, Bishop of Caesarea, approximately 329-379
    Date: 14xx
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 12 lines.;Script: At least two hands are represented: Scribe I (fol.1r-10v) writes in a small version of the liturgical hand associated with the Hodegon School; Scribe II (fol. 11r-151v) writes in a larger, more flourished style; he has a steady minuscule script occasionally leaning toward the right. Headings and initials in red ink.;Decoration: Simple bar headpieces in red; ornamental initials in red in the left margins.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Includes instructions to the Catechumens.;Binding: Bound in dark brown goatskin over boards. Blind tooled with triple forming a wide frame creating a central rectangular panel. In the corners are simple fleur-de-lis on the diagonal; in the center of the panel four stamps have been placed with sepals touching a double annular stamp in the center. In the fields at the head and tail the same annule has been placed. Raised secondary endbands worked in red and green with a crown bead and chevron pattern.
  • 3484zq62x?file=thumbnail
    Date: 1200/1400
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript leaf.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Leaf is numbered in pencil, 122.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 24 lines.;Script: Written in a small, neat, careful minuscule in a faded black ink, now brown. Initials in outer margin, measuring 2 lines of text, in a faded red ink. Headings also in faded red ink.;Title cataloged from existing description.
  • Cj82kf979?file=thumbnail
    Date: 1150/1175
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 24-25 lines; ruled for 24 lines of text.;Script: The hand is a well-practiced minuscule with occasional uncial characters, vertical, pendant, with small rounded letters interspersed by enlarged letters. There is a slight tendency for forward movement on finial strokes created by penlifts, indicating rapidity in writing. The ink for the text is black, with kephalaia, hypotheses, and canon numbers in a deep reddish-orange. The hand appears to be 12th century, very similar to the hand of Gregory 514 in letter formations, ligatures, penlifts, characters per line, and alternation of small and large letters.;Original and forged decorations: Running penwork ornament with foliate finials and undulating line with arc accents. On fol. 1v there remains evidence of an original ornament--probably a portrait of the evangelist--which was bound in the initial gathering with the kephalaia, but is now wanting; fol. 2r, portrait of the Evangelist Matthew, copied from Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, ms. gr. 93b; green pigment from the ornament appears on the lower half of fol. 2r. Fol. 46v, Portrait of the Evangelist Mark, portrait copied from Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, ms. gr. 189, fol. 316v; on fol. 45v there remains green pigment from an ornament, probably the original portrait, on the following leaf which is now wanting; the pigment appears on the lower half of the leaf in a rectangular shape. On fol. 77v there is residual green pigment from an ornament, probably the original portrait, on the following leaf which is now wanting. The pigment appears on the lower half of the leaf in a rectangular shape. Fol. 78v, Portrait of the Evangelist Luke, portrait copied from Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, ms. gr. 189 f. 206v; on the lower half of leaf 147v there is residual green pigment from an ornament, probably the original portrait, on the following leaf which is now wanting. Fol. 111v, Portrait of the Evangelist John, copied from Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, ms. gr. 189 fol. 1r.;The palette of the added miniatures and headpieces are very similar to that used for the forged paintings in the Archimedes Palimpsest. Lacking at least 18 leaves and a gathering at the end; 7 leaves have been removed and loosely inserted; the miniatures, which are on loose sheets, are copied from plates in H. Omont, Miniatures des plus anciens manuscrits Grecs de la Bilbiotheque Nationale, 2nd edition, Paris, 1929. Seven leaves were removed from the manuscript and the text mostly washed off, causing the leaves to shrink slightly. St. Mark should follow fol. 49, copied from B.N. ms. gr. 189, fol. 316b, Omont, pl. 89; illuminated headpiece should follow fol. 82, original but washed and repainted; St. Luke should follow fol. 87, closely copied from B.N. ms. gr. 189, fol. 206b, Omont, pl. 89; illuminated headpiece should follow fol. 97, copied from original headpiece on leaf following fol. 82 but wrongly placed sideways in a margin left blank for gloss; two ornamental devices should follow fol. 100, hares with tree-like device and Saints Athanasius and Gregory of Nazianus, adapted from B.N. ms. gr. 550, f. 209, Omont, pl. 113; St. John should follow fol. 110, miniature painted upside-down in error, copied from B.N. ms. gr. 189, fol. 1, Omont, pl. 88; St. Matthew should follow fol. 155, copied from B.N., ms. gr. 93b, Omont, pl. 88.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Binding: A post-mediaeval blind-stamped binding.
  • Qf85nj78m?file=thumbnail
    Date: 11xx
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 26-27 lines; ruled for 26-27 lines with a dry point on the hair side in one column.;Script: A very round, largish thirteenth-century pendant hand in a brown ink. The titles, numbers, kephalaia, and liturgical rubrics are written generally in semi-uncials. The hand in the text is a beautifully executed and fluid ductus with a tendency at times to slant to the left. The hand contains an even mixture of neatly formed uncial and flowing minuscule cursive characters.;Decoration: Kephalaia appear in the upper and lower margins, in the scribal hand, red; scribal Eusebian sections and canon numbers are in red in the fore edge margins. Each Gospel has been provided with an ornamental headpiece and a facing evangelist's portrait. The only well-preserved one is that of St. John (fol. 11v, 81v, 129v, and 209v). For the opening of each of the Gospels and the kephalaia for St. Matthew, there are varying headpieces (fol. 9v, 12r, 82r, 130r, and 210r). Lectionary tables are at the front and back of the codex. A complete set of Eusebian numbers are provided sporadically.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Evangelion with lectionary tables for Synaxarion and Menolgion.;Binding: A Byzantine binding of dark brown morocco over pine, now considerably damaged by insects; edges grooved to corners originally supplied with two fore edge triple interlaced thong clasps anchored in the lower board and attached to the upper cover by means of edge pins (only one nearer the head remains); blind-tooled panels--three, one inside the other--in quadruple fillets; the angles of the panels intersected by diagonals originating at the corner of the covers, extending to the inside of the middle panel, thus creating a lozenge in the center of the cover. Affixed to the center by two copper alloy nails is a thick (3.5 mm) undecorated silver alloy cross (101 x 75 mm, with arms 15 mm wide). Sewn in the Byzantine style with chain-link style sewing with extended endbands worked in a chevron pattern in white, green, and red silk: with a beaded cap, worked over a primary endband of bleached linen. Endsheets are 16th century with an anchor watermark (partially visible).
  • 5m60r086d?file=thumbnail
    Date: 1200~
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 41-52 lines; ruled; prickings visible in the head, fore edge, and tail margins.;Script: Greek uncial and minuscule from single hand.;Decoration: This is a richly decorated manuscript in that the divisions between every segment at the commencement of the various books is marked by penwork ornament, semi-uncial titles, and ornamental arrangment of the materials. Ornamental headpieces are provided for the Synaxarion, the Canon tables, and the opening of each of the Gospels.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Order of the books: Gospels, Acts, James, Pauline Epistles, General Epistles (except for James), Apocalypse. Eusebian section numbers, canon numbers in red in the margins; and marks such as the diplé are used in the margins to indicate Old Testament quotations. Letters of the alphabet are used as signes de renvoie as well as immense variety of free-form characters. Chapter headings and numbers appear in red throughout; lectionary citations appear in the margins. The chapter divisions are sometimes indicated with a red dot in the text with the number and respective kephalaia in the margin. Commentary on all books except the Apocalypse.;Binding: Contemporary Byzantine binding in second or third stage as evidenced by the oversewing of some of the quires. Textblock is sewn using the chain-link style of sewing; the boards are of soft wood covered in tanned leather with turn-ins at the head, fore edge, and tail; one triple interlaced clasp anchorage is preserved inside the back cover; two fore edge pins on front cover. Decoration formed with a triple fillet, divided into two rectangular panels, divided again by diagonals forming lozenges in panels which are filled with an equal armed cross composed of the quadri-partite fillet and lonzenge stamp with floral infilling; within the panels nearest the spine and the foreedge, centered, is a lozenge stamp (15 mm in diameter) with the Byzantine double-headed eagle; the entire perimeter of the cover has been formed with a pallet stamp.
  • T435gm121?file=thumbnail
    Date: 12xx
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript Codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 30 lines; ruled for 30-32 lines (sometimes the scribe adds an extra line or two at the bottom of the leaf) with a fine dry point on the hair side.;Script: An excellent example of a hand from the latter half of the thirteenth century. It is a finely executed mixture of clearly formed uncial and minuscule characters, barely perceptibly slanting to the right--occasionally it has a slightly backward tilt--pendant, done with a reed pen with a medium nib. Red initials in outer edge margins.;Decoration: Kephalia for each Gospel appear in the upper and lower margins in red; Eusebian sections and canon numbers are in red in the fore edge margins. The portrait of St. Matthew is wanting; however, those for Mark, Luke and John are present. Ornamental intitials appear in the margin in gilt and the title of each Gospel has been fitted with a decorative title in red ornamental uncials, and an initial letter. Among the most interesting is that of a man holding an unrolled scroll in his right hand and his body wrapped around by a snake (fol. 42r). Bar tailpiece in red (fol. 147r).;Title cataloged from existing description.;Binding: Fifteenth-century Byzantine binding of dark brown goatskin over wooden boards, with four metal bosses. Lower cover only is preserved on which a manuscript leaf from a musical manuscript serves as a paste down.
  • C534fw473?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Cocolos, Nicolas, scribe and Theophylactus, of Ochrida, Archbishop of Ochrida, approximately 1050-approximately 1108
    Date: 1540~
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Colophon in Greek and Latin (Latin transcribed): Anno Christi Servatôris/ 1573/ Hunc legens agnôvit Librum Claudius Naulôtus Vallensis, et Avallonoeus, et Haeduus: Cl. Naulot Du Val Avallõnois.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 30 lines; ruled with a mastara.;Script: The scribe is Nicolas Cocolos according to Palau; a neat, small minuscule in a black ink, slanting slightly to the right. Headings in a brownish red ink.;Decoration: Running penwork ornamental headpieces in the same brownish red ink as that in which the text of the Gospel of John is written: fol. 1v, 2r, and 3r. Ornamental initials in the outer margins also in a brownish red ink.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Gospel of John followed by commentary of Theophylactus, Archibishop of Okhrid.;Binding: Bound in limp vellum, with yapp fore edge; ex libris of the Duke of Sussex on the pastedown on the inside of the upper cover.
  • Sb397g85f?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Orthodox Eastern Church
    Date: 17xx
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 28 lines; ruled.;Script: Elegant, professional hand, in black ink, with different shade of black for text and musical notation. Suppletions in the musical notation marked in a violet ink by a contemporary hand. Titles in violet ink. Occasional notes also written in a violet ink.;Decoration: Decorative floral headpiece on the opening leaf in gilt, blue and violet. Ornamental initials written in violet ink throughout and, on one occasion, gilt (fol. 1r).;Music: Contains musical notation.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Binding: Bound in 18th century mottled sheep, raised bands on spine, blindstamped border, stamped on covers, with secondary square tool stamped within corners and at center, a few traces of gilt still remaining.