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  • D217qx52k?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Dorotheus, of Gaza, Saint, active 6th century
    Date: 1000~
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by the cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 27 lines; 27 lines ruled on the hair side; some pricking marks visible in the fore edge margin.;Script: Three scribal hands represented: Scribe I: fol. 1-51r; Scribe II: fol. 51v-60r; Scribe III: fol. 60v-81v. Hand I is carefully constructed, with small precisely inscribed letters with a very fine nib in a brown ink, with a slight rightward slant in the direction of the writing. The small letters evenly spaced and with ample spacing between the lines give a "lacy" appearance. Uncials and minuscules are mixed. Hand II takes up on fol. 51v at the beginning of a new section. The ink, however, appears to be nearly the same color as that which precedes. Scribe II is less crafty and writes with greater haste than Scribe I. His letters are squarer in appearance. The hand is slightly more rightwardly slanted than that of Scribe I, but the combination of uncial and cursive letters appears to be nearly the same proportion. Hand III commences on fol. 60v with no perceptible change in ink color. Letter characteristics are the same for the period as of those of Hand I and II. However, the scribe is either careless or in great haste. Nearly vertical, they are openly spaced and poorly formed.;Decoration: In addition to titles in semi uncials, each section has been provided with ornamental scribal penwork divisions which extend with one exception across the width of the writing space and, again with one exception, only the height of one line. An example of the manuscript's ornamental penwork: the initial "T" is outlined at the head of fol. 51v; the stem is knotted and banded, terminating at the base with divergent curled foliage, the left form culminating in a point. The cross bar has acanthus leaf terminals, facing, and the top of the stem a fleur-de-lis finial with pointed element. The letter extends the length of seven lines of text.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Doctrines11-17, 19-20, 22-23 of Dorotheus of Gaza; also includes a life of Dorotheus, several homilies by St. Basil, and Oration 16 by St. Gregory Nazianzen.;Binding: Covers wanting; some sewing remains; sewn using a chain-link type stitch; sewing stations measure from the head; v-notches cut with knife; sewing thread multi-filament s-twist unbleached linen.
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  • Gx41mr091?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Psellus, Michael
    Date: 1470
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 23 lines; ruled on the recto side with only the outline of the ruling space marked (no ruling for the lines of text).;Script: A neat minuscule written in black ink, now faded brown, with glosses in faded red ink. Titles also in a faded red ink. By the same scribe as Bodmer MSS 3 and 64 and Yale University, Beinecke 244.;Decoration: Faded red ornamenal uncial initial on fol. 1r; ornamental tailpiece in a black ink traced with a red ink (fol. 31r); initial letters in red and some casual swash "S" running patterns between sections of the text.;Title cataloged from existing description.;This interesting collection of unusual texts was at one time part of an anthology of classical and Byzantine Greek for the instruction of a student of the early post-Byzantine period. Plays by Aeschylus and Euripides also belonged to the same anthology. The longest item in the present volume (fol. 1-31) is a series of texts which range in length from 15 to 80 closely written lines of prose and which are concerned mostly with ethics (Drury's title for the volume was Anonymi Ethica) but also with mythology and philology. The glossator has written a title του̃ ̔υπάτου τω̃ν φιλοσόφων (transliterated: tou Hypatou tōn philosophōn) at the head of fol. 1. This is probably an attribution to the eleventh-century writer, Michael Psellus, who was known by various honorific titles, such as 'the highest philosopher'. The work, not likely by Psellus, is known to him in two other manuscripts: Paris: Bibl. Nat. Supplément gr. 58, fol. 40r-69v and Naples: Biblioteca Brancancciana IV.A.5, fol. 208v-228v (for the latter see Elpidio Mioni, Catalogo di manoscritti greci existenti nelle biblioteche italiene. [Rome] : Istituto Poligrafico dello Stato, Libreria dello Stato, [1964]). The remaining texts in the volume are a poem in 'political' verse on the Christian faith addessed by Psellus to the Emperor Michael Ducas (fol. 31v-32v; an abridged version of the poem printed in Migne) and the prose work on the Labors of Hercules by the fourteeth-century chartophylax of Bulgaria Joannes Pediasimus (fol. 34v-51v, with interlinear gloss and sections of continuous commentary).;Binding: Early nineteenth-century light brown morocco by Charles Lewis with the arms of Henry Drury, gilt on upper and lower covers with edges gilt.
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  • Sf268c26h?file=thumbnail
    Date: 1050~
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Text begins (fol. 1r): en tō ouranō eisin. peri ] de tēs anastaseōs tōn nekrōn, ktl.;Text begins (fol. 1r): ̕εν τω̨̃ οὐρανω̨̃ εἰσιν. περὶ ] δὲ τη̃ς ἀναστάσεως τω̃ν νεκρω̃ν, κτλ.;;Text breaks off at (fol. 1v): mēde klēthēte kathēgētai, [ hoti kathēgētēs Hymōn estin eis ho Christos, ktl.;Text breaks off at (fol. 1v): μηδὲ κληθη̃τε καθηγηταί, [ ̔́οτι καθηγητὴς ̔υμω̃ν ̕εστιν εἰ̃ς ̔ο Χριστός, κτλ.;Format: Manuscript leaf.;Title supplied by the cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 24 lines. 24 lines ruled on the hair side; prickings, made with an instrument with a triangular point from the hair side, are visible in the fore edge margin.;Script: Written in a neat round hand in a brown ink, mixed in form, but mostly square; with clear, distinctive small accents and breathing marks; distinct penlifts produce serifs on uncials.;Decoration: One gilt intial at line 5 of the verso of the leaf.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Single leaf from a book of the four Gospels, containing Matthew 22:31-23:10. Ammonian section and canon numbers appear in the fore edge margins; margins restored; slight loss of text. Fragments of same manuscript are found in Staatsbibliothek Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin, Ms. Graec. quart. 90 (Matthew 19:6; Mark 15:45) and Burgerbibliothek in Bern, MS 784(Mark 1:14).
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  • Gx41mr08r?file=thumbnail
    Date: 1300~
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript leaf.;Title from de Ricci.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 22 lines.;Script: Greek uncial and minuscule.;Decoration: Rectangular headpiece (63 x 117 mm.) with center quadrafoil medailion enclosing the evangelist seated, writing, with four circles in each corner in blues, greens and reds; inital letter "A" entwinted and floriated.;Title cataloged from existing description.;A single leaf containing the first fourteen verses of the Gospel of Mark in Byzantine Greek, with a portrait of the Evangelist.
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  • Fb494g770?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Basil, Saint, Bishop of Caesarea, approximately 329-379 and Orthodox Eastern Church
    Date: 14xx
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 23 lines; fol. 4-76 has been ruled only for the margins of the text; fol. 77-82 has been ruled with a dry point on the hair side for 25 lines, 7 mm apart.;Script: There are seven hands represented in the codex: Scribe I: fol. 2r-2v; Scribe II: fol. 4r-76v; Scribe III: fol. 77r-82v; Scribe IV: fol. 83r-86r; Scribe V: fol. 86v; Scribe VI: fol. 87v-88r; Scribe VII: fol. 87v-88r. Scribe I: with a red title and initials, Scribe I writes in a casual but legible hand with few ligatures. The hand is slightly squarish and slants to the right. There are few enlarged letters and a mixture of uncial and minuscules. It appears that the scribe used a quill of medium width. Scribe II: most of the manuscript was written by Scribe II. He writes a rather large formal open hand with abbreviations using superposition and compression primarily within the rubrics. The hand is uniformly broad and expansive, with some letters larger than others, and it is written with a reed pen with a largish soft nib. Scribe III: follows in much the same tradition of letter formation as that of Scribe II and with a slightly lighter brown ink for the text and a vivid red for the rubrics and the margin initials. However, his hand tends to be squarish and was likely written by a quill as can be seen by the variations between the thicks and thins. Scribe IV: writes a very scratchy, hasty, crabbed hand in a dark brown to black ink. It is highly abbreviated, slants to the right in the direction of the text. Scribe V: writes in a hand that has a slightly backward slant, is squarish, and the ink is purplish black. It appears to have been written by a hand that is more familiar with the roman alphabet than with the Greek, especially the uncial characters. Scribe VI: writes a hand very similar to that of Scribe IV. The hand is typical of that of an informal style and clearly comes from the early part of the sixteenth-century. Scribe VII: is very similar to that of Scribe IV, but with a strong rightward slant, in a strong black ink, hastily written. Almost certainly from the sixteenth- or early part of the seventeenth-century.;Decoration: Initials in red throughout; the larger ones have formal floral decoration or elaborate interlacing (fol. 8v, 12r, 16v, 17v, 20r, 22v, 23r, 26v, 30v, 33r, 36r, 37v--bird figure--41r, 45v, 49r, 53r--bar headpiece--54v, 64v and 76v). One includes the motifs of a bird (fol. 37v) with its neck wrapped around by a column to form the letter "K, " and on fol. 53r a bar headpiece.;Origin: Southern Italy.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Binding: Bound in dark brown blind-stamped morocco by Gozzi in Modena in 1970, sewn on four raised double cords. The binder's small identification stamp is in gild on the turn-in at the tail of the upper cover. The cover decoration is a wide frame with corner diagonals ruled in double fillets; along the inside of the lines forming the frame are a series of very small double annules. The central panel has a mascle with a rectilinear network divided into a pattern of diamons of 25 regular sections each centered with a small double outlined mascle with slightly concave sides. The doublures are of parchment and stamped on both the doublures inside the upper and lower covers in the gilt exlibris of "Torre del Palasciano, " an ovoid finely engraved leafmask with cresting elements; azured background of parallel lines.
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  • Np193h485?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Luca, Metropolitan of Wallachia, -1629, scribe, Basil, Saint, Bishop of Caesarea, approximately 329-379, and Orthodox Eastern Church
    Date: 1580/1660
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Colophon (fol. 68v, in red): telos kai tō th[e]ō doxa cheir Louka Archiereus: euthchesth[ai] dia t[ēn] k[yrio]n:;Colophon (fol. 68v, in red): τέλος καὶ τω̜̃ θ[ε]ω̜̃ δόξα· χείρ Λουκα̃ ἀρχιερεύς:· εὔθχεσθ[αι] δὶα τ[ὴν] κ[ύριο]ν:·;Layout: Written in 1 column of 15 lines; burnished, using ruling board.;Script: Two hands are represented: one for the liturgies of Saints Chrysostom and Basil, identified as Lucas (Buzau), and one for the liturgy of the Presanctified. Scribe I: Open minuscule hand in black ink, leaning to the right; occasional flourishes into margin; ornamental initials and liturgical instructions in very reddish orange; colophon identifies scribes as Lucas Archierus, or Lucas Buzau. Scribe II: Squarish hand in dark brown ink, leaning slightly to the left; pendant, but bottom line of characters very flat, including alpha, nun, rho, upsilon, and phi; frequent ligatures and occasional flourishes into margin. Ornamental initials and liturgical instructions in deep red.;Decoration: Initials on first leaf of each liturgy appear in color, others in red. fol. 2r: fectangular ornamental headpiece (48 x 80 mm) of strapwork in gilt with strong blue background and very reddish orange accents, with floriate designs extending diagonally from each corner. fol. 29r: rectangular ornamental headpiece (28 x 78 mm) of rinceaux forming two horizontal heart shapes in gilt, background in blue, with five floriate designs in blue, red, and strong pink, outlined in gilt, extending outward: one from each corner and one from the center of the head. fol. 71r: rectangular ornamental headpiece (42 x 80 mm) of interlacing rinceau in gilt with two counterbalanced fleurs de lis at the center, deep red and darkish greenish-blue accents, border in gilt surrounded by red minims along head and sides, with a fleur-de-lis in red and greenish-blue extending diagonally from each corner.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Binding: Contemporary calf over stiffened card, sewn on raised cords, stamped in gilt with Crucifixion on front, Virgin and Child on back, both within sunburst surrounded by floriate spirals and double-border. Originally four clasps: two on fore edge, one at head, one at foot. Remnants of at least two leaves of Hebrew script behind pastedown inside lower cover.
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  • Pc289r52m?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Clement the Monk, scribe and Orthodox Eastern Church
    Date: 1052
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Colophon signed and dated on fol. 242v by Clement the Monk: Egra[phē] mēni ioliō k' indiktion e' etous sphz' edōrēthei para Klēmitou eute ach eis t[ēō] mo[nasterion] tēs yhp[ergias] Theotokou tou spēlaiou.;Colophon signed and dated on fol. 242v by Clement the Monk: ̕ ́Εγρα[φη] μηνι ἰολίω̨ κ' ινδικτιον ε' έ̓τους ςφζ' ἐδωρήθει παρὰ Κλημιτου̃ ἐυτε αχ εἰς τ[ήω] μο[ναστέριον] τη̃ς ὑπ[εργίας] Θεοτόκου του̃ σπηλαίου.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 2 columns of 22-23 lines; ruled for 22-23 lines, with a dry point on the hair side.;Script: Only the inserted paper folia are the work of a scribe other than Clement. The paper leaves come from the late fifteenth or early sixteenth century and are written in black ink. It is likely that the same ink appears in the overwriting and reinking done throughout the manuscript. However, the rest of the manuscript is the work of Clement. The hand of Clement is in an open, legible, very regular round flowing cursive, pendant, vertical with a slightly leftward slant, formed with a broad nib using a dark brown ink. The same ink is used for the initial letters which are both outline and solid, floriated and knotted; however, at the beginnings of the readings, the initial letters are delicately formed, turned, floriated, but not knotted, using a variety of colors--reds, greens, blues, with white highlights. There is a disproportionate number of minuscule forms. There are gilt and/or red semi-uncials in the titles.;Decoration: Some time during its history, many of the headpieces were cut out, as were several initial letters. Those that remain are quite unusual both in composition and the use of colors. The one headpiece that remains on fol. 158r has the appearance of an expanded floriate and foliate pattern in Frantz, Pl xiii.20 but enclosed within a border as in Pl.xiii.9, p. 60 and 72. The colors are dark and strong with a gilt background and black used for one of the running rinceau patterns. The colored initials are quite delicate and small, similar to those in Oxford, Christ Church, Ms. Wake (A. D. 1068).;Title cataloged from existing description.;Evangelion arranged in the order of the church year with lections for the weekdays after the morrow of Pentecost, until Holy Week; lacks leaves beginning and after leaves 6, 94, 100, 130, and 218; also lacking 8 leaves, which have all been replaced on paper in a fourteenth century hand.;Binding: Modern binding of reused parchment with a central stamped panel over wooden boards with tan pigskin backstrip; modern fore edge brass clasps and catches. The binding was done by Victor A. Brown, Tonbridge, at the turn of the year 1947-1948. According to correspondence with Mr. Munby, Victor Brown had received the manuscript disbound and constructed the present binding after conversation with Mr. Munby.
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  • 1544bw594?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Orthodox Eastern Church
    Date: 11xx
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 2 columns of 20 lines; ruled for 20 lines, 12 mm apart, with a dry point on the hair side.;Script: The work of one scribe only, except for the colophons and the one page of added liturgical material on the last leaf (fol. 276r-v). Written in a deep brown ink, the minuscule is remarkably open and widely spaced, as is evident from the ruling with 12 mm between the lines. The letters are carefully formed, mostly vertical, rounded, and pendant, and none is enlarged or extends above the line of text except those letters which have ascenders and descenders. As a liturgical text, the words are occasionally separated by the ecphonetic notations which have been added in the line of text and above in a soft red.;Decoration: Throughout the scribe follows a very similar pattern of constructing initial letters: the large initials are mostly outlined in gold with the interior void; there are several colored initials (fol. 1r, 48r, 79r, 111r, 154r, and 197r) and many in red. The image of the letter "T" growing out of the partridge breast is reminiscent of Moscow, Historical Museum, Cod. VI, 382 where the letter "A" is similarly presented. The ornamental headpieces are of several types: the introductory headpiece (fol. 1r) follows a carpet motif whereas those for the beginning of the major sections have been created in a style of the rectangular headpiece of the 11th/12th century (fol. 1r, 48r, 79r, 111r, 154r, and 197r). For the divisions in the menologion, the divisions are marked by a simple, slender (3 mm) gilt bar, except for one that is a running ornament (fol. 269r) and a slender gilt turned ornament (fol. 275v);Music: Contains ecphonetic notation.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Binding: Covers of thin wooden boards (8 mm thick), beveled on the inside and covered with a dark brown morocco. Around the edge of the board a frame has been formed by a small roll (4mm) with a running pattern composed of vine and fruit, bordered on either side in blind by three fillets, one wider than the other two. Within the frame a lozenge has been created of the same combination of tools converging at the inside edge of the frame at the center of each side. Within each of the four corners a lozenge stamp filled with a blossom and leaves (23 x 18 mm) has been affixed; the same stamp with points touching are arranged vertically. The two fore edge clasps are wanting. They were apprarently made of fabric and may actually have been ties anchored under the cover by two nails since there are no distinctions between the attachments of the upper and lower covers. The manuscript has been rebacked sometime in its recent history, likely within the twentieth-century. Decorated endsheets are of a widely spaced leaf patterns in light green, reddish tan and black against a pink background. At one time the edges of the textblock were gilt.
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  • Br86b934x?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Orthodox Eastern Church
    Date: 14xx
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 2 columns of 28 lines.;Script: The hand is a rapid minuscule, with frequent use of uncials; squarish, leaning slightly to the right and containing frequent backhooks and and tapering on finial strokes. Large ornate initials appear in red in the margin at the beginning of each reading. Brown or red carets in the margin (to the left of the text) indicate Old Testament quotations.;Decoration: fol. 28v: Headpiece in red; rectangular, containing horizontal cordate figures with points counterpoised at the center, filled with void trefoil designs on a red background. Borders are double-lined with knots, with floriate finials extending from each corner; fol. 78v: Headpiece in red; rectangular, containing freeform arabesque trefoil design, void on red background. Borders are double-lined with knots, with floriate initials extending from each corner. The design has been pierced throughout for tracing; fol. 132r: Running penwork, in red: guilloche accented with dots, with 4-part knotwork design at center and finials extending from the corners. fol. 170r, 178r, 181r: Running penwork in red; reverse s-chain with floriate finials; fol. 171r: Four-part knot penwork at head, in red; fol. 176r: Headpiece, in red, rectangular, containing horizontal cordate figures with points counterpoised at the center, filled with void trefoil designs on a red background. Borders are double-lined with knots, with floriate finials extending from each corner; fol. 187v: Running penwork, in red: guilloche accented with dots, with finials extending from the corners.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Binding: Contemporary Byzantine binding of originally reddish-tan (now much darkened) goatskin on pine boards (goatskin now wanting on spine and fore edge). Bound with chain-link sewing in 5 stations, with extended end bands intact on boards (now wanting at tail). Tabby linen liner extends halfway across board. Originally clasped as head and tail with a single clasp and two clasps on the fore edge by interlaced band with ties anchored from the outside. The text block has been cut even with the boards. Both covers contain similar decoration, now scuffed and faded. The decoration consists of three frames of triple fillets, with rectangular stamp at each corner, enclosing a center panel. The center panel has large triangular stamps at the head and tail, counterpoised, with three circular fleur-de-lis designs at the apex of each. The remaining space is filled with annular stamps. Bosses at each corner and one at the center are wanting.
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  • Q811kr973?file=thumbnail
    Creator: Orthodox Eastern Church
    Date: 11xx
    Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries
    Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 28-29 lines.;Script: Scribe I (fol. 1r-77v) writes a small, irregular minuscule usually through the line--neither pendant nor resting on the line. He uses a wide nib which produces contrasting thick and thin lines as may be seen in the transverse strokes of the uncial kappa, lambda, chi, and alpha. Although the hand tends to be upright, there is a perceptible slant to the right. The titles, chapters and canon numbers are all written in semi-uncials, slightly largers than the letters of the text. The titles are frequently highlighted with a yellow wash. The scribe frequently fills in the outlines of a letter with deep red ink. Scribe II commences without loss of text at fol. 78r in the middle of a lesson for Palm Sunday.;Decoration: The titles and headings are highlighted in yellow. Some of the capitals are touched in red; there are more than 190 decorated initials of two main styles according to the taste of the scribes: 1) penwork ornament with foliate ornaments and knotted stems, pointing hands frequently infilled with red and sometimes yellow, and 2) simpler designs in red usually without the penwork outlines. There are headpieces which stretch across the full width of the column: fol. 1r, 117v, 123r, 127v, 133r, 138v, 140v, 142v, 143v (marginal foliate ornaments), 146v, 147v, and 150r. Some decorated initials are copied out again in margins in medieval hands and a standing figure holding a cross was added in margin on fol. 110v.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Gospel lectionary with readings for Sundays and for weekdays between Easter and Pentecost; part of flyleaf was replaced with another manuscript apparently an eleventh- or twelfth- century commentary on Genesis. The last two leaves are very defective.;Binding: Bound by Sydney M. Cockerell of Douglas Cockerell & Sons in November 1949 in oak boards with spine of white alum tawed pigskin, blind stamped, spine title gilt, silver catches and clasps on plaited leather thongs; note by binder enclosed; marbled slipcase.
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