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Creator: Basil, Saint, Bishop of Caesarea, approximately 329-379 and Orthodox Eastern Church Date: 14xx Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 23 lines; fol. 4-76 has been ruled only for the margins of the text; fol. 77-82 has been ruled with a dry point on the hair side for 25 lines, 7 mm apart.;Script: There are seven hands represented in the codex: Scribe I: fol. 2r-2v; Scribe II: fol. 4r-76v; Scribe III: fol. 77r-82v; Scribe IV: fol. 83r-86r; Scribe V: fol. 86v; Scribe VI: fol. 87v-88r; Scribe VII: fol. 87v-88r. Scribe I: with a red title and initials, Scribe I writes in a casual but legible hand with few ligatures. The hand is slightly squarish and slants to the right. There are few enlarged letters and a mixture of uncial and minuscules. It appears that the scribe used a quill of medium width. Scribe II: most of the manuscript was written by Scribe II. He writes a rather large formal open hand with abbreviations using superposition and compression primarily within the rubrics. The hand is uniformly broad and expansive, with some letters larger than others, and it is written with a reed pen with a largish soft nib. Scribe III: follows in much the same tradition of letter formation as that of Scribe II and with a slightly lighter brown ink for the text and a vivid red for the rubrics and the margin initials. However, his hand tends to be squarish and was likely written by a quill as can be seen by the variations between the thicks and thins. Scribe IV: writes a very scratchy, hasty, crabbed hand in a dark brown to black ink. It is highly abbreviated, slants to the right in the direction of the text. Scribe V: writes in a hand that has a slightly backward slant, is squarish, and the ink is purplish black. It appears to have been written by a hand that is more familiar with the roman alphabet than with the Greek, especially the uncial characters. Scribe VI: writes a hand very similar to that of Scribe IV. The hand is typical of that of an informal style and clearly comes from the early part of the sixteenth-century. Scribe VII: is very similar to that of Scribe IV, but with a strong rightward slant, in a strong black ink, hastily written. Almost certainly from the sixteenth- or early part of the seventeenth-century.;Decoration: Initials in red throughout; the larger ones have formal floral decoration or elaborate interlacing (fol. 8v, 12r, 16v, 17v, 20r, 22v, 23r, 26v, 30v, 33r, 36r, 37v--bird figure--41r, 45v, 49r, 53r--bar headpiece--54v, 64v and 76v). One includes the motifs of a bird (fol. 37v) with its neck wrapped around by a column to form the letter "K, " and on fol. 53r a bar headpiece.;Origin: Southern Italy.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Binding: Bound in dark brown blind-stamped morocco by Gozzi in Modena in 1970, sewn on four raised double cords. The binder's small identification stamp is in gild on the turn-in at the tail of the upper cover. The cover decoration is a wide frame with corner diagonals ruled in double fillets; along the inside of the lines forming the frame are a series of very small double annules. The central panel has a mascle with a rectilinear network divided into a pattern of diamons of 25 regular sections each centered with a small double outlined mascle with slightly concave sides. The doublures are of parchment and stamped on both the doublures inside the upper and lower covers in the gilt exlibris of "Torre del Palasciano, " an ovoid finely engraved leafmask with cresting elements; azured background of parallel lines.
Creator: Orthodox Eastern Church Date: 11xx Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 28-29 lines.;Script: Scribe I (fol. 1r-77v) writes a small, irregular minuscule usually through the line--neither pendant nor resting on the line. He uses a wide nib which produces contrasting thick and thin lines as may be seen in the transverse strokes of the uncial kappa, lambda, chi, and alpha. Although the hand tends to be upright, there is a perceptible slant to the right. The titles, chapters and canon numbers are all written in semi-uncials, slightly largers than the letters of the text. The titles are frequently highlighted with a yellow wash. The scribe frequently fills in the outlines of a letter with deep red ink. Scribe II commences without loss of text at fol. 78r in the middle of a lesson for Palm Sunday.;Decoration: The titles and headings are highlighted in yellow. Some of the capitals are touched in red; there are more than 190 decorated initials of two main styles according to the taste of the scribes: 1) penwork ornament with foliate ornaments and knotted stems, pointing hands frequently infilled with red and sometimes yellow, and 2) simpler designs in red usually without the penwork outlines. There are headpieces which stretch across the full width of the column: fol. 1r, 117v, 123r, 127v, 133r, 138v, 140v, 142v, 143v (marginal foliate ornaments), 146v, 147v, and 150r. Some decorated initials are copied out again in margins in medieval hands and a standing figure holding a cross was added in margin on fol. 110v.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Gospel lectionary with readings for Sundays and for weekdays between Easter and Pentecost; part of flyleaf was replaced with another manuscript apparently an eleventh- or twelfth- century commentary on Genesis. The last two leaves are very defective.;Binding: Bound by Sydney M. Cockerell of Douglas Cockerell & Sons in November 1949 in oak boards with spine of white alum tawed pigskin, blind stamped, spine title gilt, silver catches and clasps on plaited leather thongs; note by binder enclosed; marbled slipcase.
Creator: Orthodox Eastern Church Date: 11xx Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript leaves.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 18-23 lines.;Script: An irregularly roundish hand, characteristic of southern Italy, written with some ambiguity as to whether to verticality or forward or slightly to the left. A rapidly written composition with frequent use of uncials. Another characteristic of this manuscript is the use of red blobs in the round and oval letters of the titles.;Decoration: The initial letters, particularly on the flesh side of the bifolio, are formed of zoomorphic figures, mostly serpents, which intertwine the vertical shafts of the letters; the base of the letters is floriated and lightly toned with a yellow (now cream in tone) wash.;Origin: South Italy.;Title cataloged from existing description.;A bifolium from the center of a signature found inserted before the final leaf of Duke Greek MS 19, containing five prayers for various occasions: on behalf of the mother of the child after forty days; when priest takes child in his hand and enters sanctuary doors; said before going to sleep; for rain; when a child is tonsured.
Creator: Orthodox Eastern Church Date: 14xx Contributing Institution: Duke University Libraries Description: Forms part of the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University);Format: Manuscript codex.;Title supplied by cataloger.;Layout: Written in 1 column of 21-23 lines.;First 3 fol. torn; edges of remaining pages worm-eaten and heavily worn. Signe-de-renvoi in top margin (fol. 7r). Lemmata written either in a red ink or wash. Testing of the pen on fol. 18r.;Script: The hand is a minuscule written in a black ink, occasionally in a red ink. In several margins, there is a scrawl written in a later hand and penned in black ink. Red uncial initials appear throughout, with occasional black uncial initials outlined in red.;Decoration: Some initials decorated in faded red, now often orange; some measuring 3-4 lines high. Ornamental headpiece in black and faded red. Ornamental penwork in red and black ink. Occasional bar ornamentation in faded red in the fore edge margin next to heading.;Title cataloged from existing description.;Binding: Modern binding of dark morocco by James McDonald Company, New York, May 1968. Rebacked, with wooden boards added and the original leather was used; some leaves silked.