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  • 3b591g335?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Wielding branding irons, two men sear the breasts of two topless women. The women stand bound to a stake, and a nearby fire heats additional irons. (Cartouche: "The searyng of wo=mens brestes.95." ["The searing of women's breasts. 95."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (714 KB). and "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection).
  • 6q182s11g?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An executioner lowers Gardiner by chain from a gallows into a blaze. A crowd of soldiers and civilians observes, and a friar and a priest on horseback jeer. The stumps of Gardiner's bleeding wrists indicate that his hands have been cut off. According to Foxe, the execution occurs in Lisbon at the hands of Spaniards. The OSU copy of the 1563 version of the illustration (pictured here) contains the manuscript inscription, "I Suffer for the Truth," written in the blank banderole extending from Gardiner's mouth. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/22, 11223/58. JPEG file (981 KB).
  • 0p096d845?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Surrounded by freshly lit faggots, Flower ("Lord receiue my spirite." ["Lord receive my spirit."]) stands against a stake and raises his arms upward. Workers add new faggots to the pyre. Flower's right hand has been cut off and impaled on a spear, and his wrist bleeds at its stump. A man on horseback supervises the execution, and a crowd of soldiers and ecclesiastical officials observes. A priest on the far left raises his hand towards Flower. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/29, 11223/67. JPEG file (1.07 MB).
  • Cz30q050f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: An unclothed man and woman burn back to back at a stake. This woodcut appears in the first (1563) and second (1570) editions to illustrate the burning of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper at Norwich. It appears in the fourth edition (1583) to illustrate the burning of Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver at Ipswich. It does not appear in the third edition (1576). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/49, 11223/98. JPEG file (593 KB).
  • Sx61ds97b?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Six individuals attempt to escape an oblong-shaped domed building as it burns. Some of them are clothed, some are partially clothed, and some are naked. At the base of the building, two guards impale a man as he tries to escape. A second man leaps from the building through an upper window, toward the lit brands carried by two other guards beneath. (Cartouche: "Here the faithfull Christians are most cruelly burned in their Temple to the number of twenty thousand, both me[n], women, and children. 78." ["Here the faithful Christians are most cruelly burned in their Temple to the number of twenty thousand, both men, women, and children. 78."]). This woodcut appears on the "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" foldout illustration in the second (1570) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/1A (detail). JPEG file (1.39 MB). and "MD" (see "Soldiers drag two Christians by ropes" in this collection).
  • Z603r453f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Flanked by angels, Christ the Judge presides at the top of this title page woodcut. The lower panels depict the opposition between the "true" Protestant and "false" Roman Catholic churches. The lower left illustrates a Protestant preacher delivering a sermon to a congregation, the members of which read open books that symbolize Bibles. Protestants worship God, who appears as the Hebrew Tetragrammaton. In the next panel, Protestant martyrs burn and ascend to heaven in an upward movement, carrying palm fronds that signify their martyrdoms. The lower right depicts a Roman Catholic priest instructing a congregation. Members of this audience hold beads, which symbolize the Catholic devotional practices attacked by Foxe and other English Protestants. A procession progresses behind, evoking celebrations such as the Feast of Corpus Christi that Foxe and his co-religionists rejected. In an upper panel, monks and priests honor the elevated host and demons are driven from heaven in a downward movement that indicates divine disapproval for Roman Catholic doctrine and devotion. The complete title reads, "Actes and Monuments of these latter and perillous dayes, touching matters of the Church, wherein ar comprehended and described the great persecutions & horrible troubles, that have bene wrought and practiced by the Romishe Prelates, speciallye in this Realme of England and Scotlande, from the yeare of our Lorde a thousande, unto the tyme nowe present. Gathered and collected according to the true copies & wrytinges certificatorie, as wel of the parties them selves that suffered, as also out of the Bishops Registers, which wer the doers therof, by John Foxe, Imprinted at London by John Day, dwellyng over Aldersgate. Cum privilegio Regi[a]e Majestatis [i.e., With the prerogative of the Queen's majesty]." This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). In the second (1570), third (1576), and fourth (1583) editions, it illustrates the opening of volumes one and two of the work. The phrase "Come ye blessed, Go ye cursed" appears on the image in the second edition (1570), where it corresponds to "The Image of the persecuted Church" and "The Image of the persecuting Church." No Luborsky and Ingram #. JPEG file (2.7 MB).
  • Sx61dt07c?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Flames engulf three unclothed women, who burn at the stake in this pathetic scene. An infant emerges from the womb of the central woman, and she spreads her arms in helplessness. A cleric directs the worker tending the fire, and a crowd of soldiers and other officials observes the execution. These attendants cast the infant back to the flames immediately after it reaches the ground. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/46, 11223/93. JPEG file (1.02 MB).
  • 8049gb789?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Flames engulf Haukes ("O Lord, Receiue my spirite." ["O Lord, receive my spirit"]), who burns outside Coxehall in Essex. Haukes raises his arms above his head and gazes upward as he slumps against his chain. A man on horseback supervises the execution, and a crowd of soldiers and alarmed civilians observes. This woodcut appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). Luborsky and Ingram 11222/31, 11223/69. JPEG file (1.05 MB).