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Filtering by: Contributing Institution Ohio State University Libraries Remove constraint Contributing Institution: Ohio State University Libraries Subject Authority--Religious aspects Remove constraint Subject: Authority--Religious aspects Subject Christianity Remove constraint Subject: Christianity Type Text Remove constraint Type: Text
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  • Rb68xj68s?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: “The description of the Popes Councell holden [held] at Rome, in which appeared a monstrous Owle, to the utter defacing of the Pope, and all his Clergie [Clergy].” The Pope, bishops, friars, and other clergy gather for the Pope's Council in Rome and are struck with awe at the sight of a giant owl sitting in the rafters. Others in the crowd try to remove the owl by throwing sticks and poking at it. This engraving is slightly revised from the woodcut that appears in the second, third, and fourth early English editions (1570, 1576, 1583). Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/9. JPEG file (464 KB).
  • X346db38f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: The cartouche surrounding these crowned Arms contains the motto of the Order of the Garter and English Arms, "Honi soit qui mal y pence" ["Shame to him who thinks evil of it"]. "Vivat Re[gina]." ["Long live the queen"] in flag above; "E.R." ["Elizabetha Regina" / "Elizabeth, queen"] flanking beside; "I.D." ["John Day"] on the shields on the pillars. This woodcut underwent modification for use in publications during the reigns of Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I. The woodcut appears in certain copies of the second edition (1570) of the Book of Martyrs. No Luborsky and Ingram #. JPEG file (4.11 MB).
  • 1544bv94h?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: This tipped-in fold-out illustrates five separate scenes that took place at Windsor Castle. A cartouche spanning the top of the foldout states: "The description of Windsor Castle. The condemning of Anthony Person, Marbecke, Testwood, and Filmer; with y [the] burning of the said Person Testwood, and Filmer, under the Castle of Windsor, here lively described. Marbecke saved by the Kings [King's] Pardon." Images of the Royal Arms flank this title and above it is a directive to the printer to “Place this between Fol. 468 and 469 in the 2d Volume.” Below the heading is a panoramic view of the castle itself which includes a scene in the far left in which a boy sits in a tree and observes the burning of three men. A scene in the lower left-hand corner has the heading: "Anthony Person, Marbecke, Testwood and Filmer, condemned by Doctor Capon, Bishop of Sarnum: Facel giving judgment." The heading for the scene in the lower center states: "D. London and Simons riding about the Market place with papers on their heads, for perjury, and secret practising [practicing] against certaine [certain] of the privy Chamber." And in the lower right-hand scene: "Robert Ockam standing in the Pillory in the Towne of Newberry, where he was borne for the licke offence [like offense]." Revised version of Luborsky and Ingram 11224/4, which appears in the third (1576) and fourth (1583) early English editions. JPEG file (1.54 MB).
  • 5x21tm98m?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: King Henry VIII sits enthroned, under a cloth of state, in a richly decorated council chamber and gestures to his right. Twenty-five councilors sit on draped benches, which form two semicircles around the king, and talk among themselves. Ornamental mermaids and a child's face adorn the lower portion of the illustration. The initials "IF" ("J[akob] F[aber]") appear in the lower right corner of the image and provide a clue to its designer. This image opens Foxe's analysis of the reign of King Henry in the second (1570) and third (1576) editions. In the fourth edition (1583), it is replaced by "King Henry VIII sits enthroned over Pope Clement VII" in this collection. This illustration first appears in Edward Hall's The union of the two noble and illustrious families of Lancaster & York (London: Richard Grafton, 1548). Luborsky and Ingram 11223/35, 11224/3, 12721/1, 17300/1. JPEG file (3.44 MB).
  • S4655p42w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: After a series of protracted negotiations, Pope Clement VII denied King Henry VIII a legal divorce from his wife, Catharine of Aragon. These Arms appear at Foxe's printing of Pope Clement's bull of sentence against Henry. The papal tiara rests atop two crossed papal keys of office. A rope loosely links these keys and descends under and behind a shield, which presents five blank orbs and a sixth orb that contains three stars. This woodcut appears only in the second edition (1570). "Coat of Arms of Pope Julius II" replaces the image in the fourth edition (1583). Neither woodcut appears in the first (1563) or third (1576) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11223/56. JPEG file (3.43 MB).
  • Rv043076w?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Against a panoramic backdrop of Windsor Castle ("The Descripsion of Windsor [Castle]" ["The Description of Windsor Castle"]), three figures burn at the stake. Workers light the pyre, and richly dressed spectators and soldiers observe, some on horseback and others on foot. At the top of the image, Royal Arms flank a cartouche ("The condemning of Anthony Person, Marbecke, Testwood, and Filmer, with the burning of the sayd Person, Testwood, and Filmer, vnder the Castle of Windsore, here liuely described. Read pag. 1219. Marbecke saued by the Kynges Pardon" ["The condemning of Anthony Person, Marbeck, Testwood, and Filmer, with the burning of the said Person, Testwood, and Filmer, under the Castle of Windsor, here lively described. Read page 1219. Marbeck saved by the King's Pardon"]). A boy watches from a tree at the left, above the initials "MD," which also appear on "Table of the Ten First Persecutions of the Primitive Church" in this collection and may identify the designer of certain Foxe woodcuts. At the lower left of the image, seven judges preside over the trial of the four martyrs, and attendants and a clerk observe ("Anth. Person, Marbecke, Testwood, and Filmer, condemned by D. Capon Bishop of Sarum: Fachell geuing iudgement. Pag. 1219." ["Anthony Person, Marbeck, Testwood, and Filmer condemned by Doctor Capon Bishop of Sarum: Fachell giving judgment. Page 1219"]). At the bottom center, soldiers lead two martyrs, who are charged with perjury, backward on horseback through a town square. Onlookers gather at a distance ("D. London, and Simons, riding about the market place, with papers on their heades, for periurie, and secrete practising against certaine of the priuy Chamber." ["Doctor London, and Simons, riding about the market place, with papers on their heads, for perjury and secret practicing against certain [members] of the privy Chamber"]). At the lower right, a martyr ("R. Ockam") stands in a pillory, flanked by soldiers and civilians. ("Robert Ockam standing on the Pillory in the Towne of Newbery, where he was borne, for the like offence. Pag. 1224" ["Robert Ockam standing on the pillory in the town of Newbery, where he was born, for the like offence. Page 1224"]). To the right of this appears another set of initials, "RB," which could suggest a second designer of both this and other woodcut images. This woodcut appears in the third (1576) and fourth (1583) editions. Luborsky and Ingram 11224/4. JPEG file (5.2 MB).
  • Cr56n607p?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: This engraving depicts the coat of arms of Pope Clement VII, who reigned from 1523 to 1534; he denied King Henry VIII a legal divorce from his wife, Catharine of Aragon. The papal tiara rests behind two crossed papal keys of office. Sitting in front of the keys is a shield displaying an oak tree bearing acorns; tassels are on both sides of the shield. This engraving is a revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11225/1 and first appears in the fourth early English edition (1583) as the coat of arms of Pope Julius II, who reigned from 1503-1513. JPEG file (1.65 MB).
  • 1257b0214?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Twelve scenes that illustrate "The Proud Primacy of Popes described in order of their rising up from faithfull Bishops & Martyrs to become Lords & Governors over Kings & Kingdoms" are engraved on this two-page tipped-in fold-out. Each engraving depicts a particular scene, beginning in the upper left corner: "Variety of Tortures exercised on Christians;" "Constantine the Emperor embracing Christian Bishops;" “Bishops of Rome advanced by emperors;" “An Emperor kissing the Popes feet;" “Pope Celestine crowning Henry 6 Emperor with his foot;" "Henry & Emperor waiting 3 dayes and nights in frost and snow for Pope Gregory admittance;" "King John offering his Crown to Pandulphus the Popes Legate;" “Henry & Emperor surrendering his crown to the Pope;" "King Henry kissing the knee of the Popes Legate;" "Frederick Emperor holding y Popes stirrup on y wrong side;" "The Pope Riding the Emperor or holding the Bridle, Kings walking before him;" "The Pope carried on mens shoulders." Each of these is a revised design of the twelve woodcuts that comprise the "Proud Primacy of Popes" series from the second early English edition (1570) forward. No Luborsky and Ingram #. JPEG file (869 KB).
  • Cc08hn59f?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: King Henry VIII sits enthroned on a raised dais over Pope Clement VII ("P. Cleme [Pope Clement]"), whose tiara lies discarded before him. John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester ("B. Fisher [Bishop Fisher]") bends over the Pope, while Cardinal Reginald Pole ("OLE") looks up at Henry from the king's left. Thomas Cromwell ("Cromwell"), Henry's vicegerent for religious affairs, and Thomas Cranmer ("Cranmer"), Archbishop of Canterbury, receive the English Bible from Henry, who also holds a sword. Other courtiers observe, some with seeming dismay on their countenances. Revised design of Luborsky and Ingram 11223/48, which appears only in the fourth (1583) early English edtion. JPEG file (414 KB).
  • Zs25xf92h?file=thumbnail
    Contributing Institution: Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library and Ohio State University Libraries
    Description: Flanked by John Day, Foxe, and, possibly, Sir William Cecil, Queen Elizabeth I sits enthroned over the pope, who holds broken keys of his office. An initial "C" frames her in the style of a cornucopia. The dais on which the queen sits contains the xylographic identification, "Elisabetha Regina" ["Queen Elizabeth"]. Elizabeth carries a sword and orb, which symbolize her authority, while serpents entwine the pope as symbols of the alleged "error" of Roman Catholicism. This illustration opens Foxe's dedication to Queen Elizabeth. The text of the dedication evolves over the first four editions of the Book of Martyrs to reflect Foxe's changing views concerning the status of Protestantism in England. The illustration appears in the first through fourth editions (1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583). No Luborsky and Ingram #. JPEG file (538 KB).