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  1. Manuscript: Medizinisch-Astrologisches Hausbuch

    Creator: Erster Meister des Mendelschen Brüderbuches
    Description: Nürnberg, 1429. Genre: “iatromathematische Hausbücher” (medical-mathematical house-book), which links and systematizes medical and astrological knowledge to create a kind of everyday handbook for medical treatments, especially bloodletting, to be administered by laymen at home. It is based on the medieval idea of the influence of the planets on the health and character of human beings. The mixing of astrology and saints’ days in the calendar is evidence that medieval man saw the heavens as another revelation of God; thus astrology and faith are not at odds. This specimen - a “rich man’s” version, probably commissioned by a wealthy patron - is one of only a handful remaining in the world (1 of 2 by the same artist) and the only known specimen in the U. S. Physical description: parchment (vellum), 41 leaves (one single leaf (fol. 1) and 5 layers of 8 (4x2) leaves; 8 ½ in. 12 ½ in.; bound in modern (1930s?) dark blue buckram boards. Script: Franconian Bastarda, executed in a professional hand. Illuminations: 52 miniatures (some unfinished) by the “Erster Meister des Mendelschen Brüderbuches,” active in Nürnberg, 1425-1437. (Cf. Heinz Zirnbauer: “Geschichte des Mendelschen Brüderbuches und kunstgeschichtliches Würdigung seiner Bilding,” in Das Hausbuch der Mendelschen Zwoelfbrüderstiftung zu Nürnberg, Deutsche Handwerkerbilder des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts (2 vols., Faksimile & Kommentar, ed. Wilhelm Treue, Karlheinz Goldmann, et al.), München, 1965; Kommentar, pp. 93-97. Painting technique: minor traces of preliminary drawing in black chalk, frequent pentimenti, followed by layers of watercolor, often highlighted in white. Faces and naked bodies show occasional traces of red chalk. Contours, lines, and details - in some cases shadow zones - are carefully sharpened by strokes of black ink. Condition: rather good; but many traces and marks of frequent use; some evidence of modern restoration.
    Subject: Illumination of books and manuscripts, German, Astrology in art, and Medical astrology
    Language: German (Neuhochdeutsch)
    Publisher: Concordia Seminary Library
  2. Manuscript: Deutscher Kalender und Praktik auf das Jahr 1466

    Creator: Johannes Dolcart (or Dohart) and two other scribes
    Description: Würzburg(?), 1466-ca. 1500. Genre: text based on the “ioatromathematische Hausbücher” (medical-mathematical house-book) tradition, which links and systematizes medical and astrological knowledge to create a kind of everyday handbook for medical treatments, especially bloodletting, to be administered by laymen at home. It is based on the medieval idea of the influence of planets on the health and character of human beings. This specimen would be considered a “poor man’s” version, including, e.g., re-used woodcuts rather than hand-colored paintings. Physical description: paper, 26 leaves, 8 in. x 11 ½ in.; bound in worn (1930s?) black buckram boards. Script: written in 3 hands, one of which is Johann Dolcart (or Dohart), identified on 10 verso. Dating evidence: 1466 on “title page”; polemical poem (13 verso) on the Schwaebischer Bund (not founded until 1488); Golden Numbers and Sunday Letters (8 verso) range from 1500-1536. Thus, the manuscript is reasonably dated 1466-1500. Illustrations: small woodcuts (initial D) with names of months pasted into text on calendar pages, executed some time after 1483. Their date corresponds well to text additions by second scribe (active after 1488). Their appearance is similar to others published in the “teutsch kalender” March 1483 by Heinrich Knoblochtzer in Strassburg. Cf., e.g., Das ist der teutsch kalender mit den figure(n), gedruckt zu Ulm in Jahre 1498 von Johannes Schaeffler (Faksimile-Edition, kommentiert von Peter Amelung. Zurich, 1978). Condition: fair; marks and traces of continued use; trimming along borders cuts off some text; insect damage; some evidence of restoration.
    Subject: Life skills--Handbooks, manuals, etc., Planets--Mythology, Calendars, and Medical astrology
    Language: German
    Publisher: Concordia Seminary Library
  3. Medizinisch-astrologisches Hausbuch : 34 recto.

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    Creator: Erster Meister des Mendelschen Bruederbuches and Hubach, Hanns, art consultant
    Description: Tierkreiszeichenmann: man with of signs of the zodiac on body parts that they rule ; text with enhanced annotations
    Subject: Medical astrology
    Language: German
    Publisher: Concordia Seminary Library
  4. Medizinisch-astrologisches Hausbuch : 34 recto.

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    Creator: Erster Meister des Mendelschen Bruederbuches and Hubach, Hanns, art consultant
    Description: Tierkreiszeichenmann: man with of signs of the zodiac on body parts that they rule ; text with enhanced annotations
    Subject: Medical astrology
    Language: German
    Publisher: Concordia Seminary Library